Perhaps Anne Tolley might like to re-introduce the “treadmill” to NZ prisons.
Exercising on a treadmill often feels like torture, and thatâ€™s not exactly a coincidence.
In 1818, an English civil engineer named Sir William Cubitt devised a machine called the â€śtread-wheelâ€ť to reform stubborn and idle convicts.Â Prisoners would step on the 24 spokes of a large paddle wheel, climbing it like a modern StairMaster. As the spokes turned, the gears were used to pump water or crush grains. (Hence the eventual name treadmill.) In grueling eight-hour shifts, prisoners would climb the equivalent of 7,200 feet. The exertion, combined with poor diets, often led to injury and illness (as well as rock-hard glutes), but that didnâ€™t stop penitentiaries all over Britain and the United States from buying the machines. In 1824, prison guard James Hardie credited the device with taming New Yorkâ€™s more defiant inmates. He wrote that it was the treadmillâ€™s â€śmonotonous steadiness, and not its severity, which constitutes its terrorâ€¦â€ť