The Hypocrisy of NZ over Fiji, Ctd

On the one hand we have the Prime Minister blithely suggesting that we should continue to freeze out Fiji and on the other hand our Trade Minister talking up a storm about free trade agreements with less than democratic nations, showing once again our strange foreign policy hypocrisy to the world:

Trade Minister Tim Groser yesterday announced that New Zealand was joining an initiative to create a huge free trade region.

If the agreement succeeds it would cover an area with more than three billion people, 43 per cent of the world’s population.

Mr Groser has been in Cambodia this week for trade meetings hosted by Asean, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

The countries which have agreed to the initiative are the 10 Asean countries – Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and the Philippines – and six countries with which Asean has existing free trade agreements: China, India, Korea, Japan, Australia and New Zealand.

Let’s look at those countries shall we…since we insist on forcing Fiji to have a system of government like ours, and highlighting civil rights and free press and independent judiciary:

Indonesia: hardly the stand up country when it comes to human and civil rights. They occupied East Timor for more than 25 years, including massive civil rights abuses of the East Timorese population. They continue to fight seperatists in Aceh and have only had one direct presidential election since Suharto’s resignation, which was held in 2004.

Malaysia: Ostensibly a democracy but with ongoing persecution of opposition politicians in partiucular the persecution on trumped up charges of sodomy against Anwar Ibrahim, and a less than free media.Islamic fundamentalism is growing in Malaysia.

Singapore: Is barely a democracy:

The¬†People’s Action Party¬†has won every election since self-government in 1959, and governs on the basis of a strong state and prioritising collective welfare over individual rights such as freedom of speech, an approach that has attracted criticism from organisations such as¬†Freedom House.

That is an amazing string of electoral good luck. Tight government controls exist particularly with regards to freedom of speech and freedom of association:

¬†In 2011, in the¬†World Justice Project‘s¬†Rule of Law Index¬†Singapore was ranked in the top countries surveyed in “Order and Security”, “Absence of Corruption”, and “Effective Criminal Justice”. However, it scored very low for both “Freedom of Speech” and “Freedom of Assembly”.¬†All public gatherings of five or more people require police permits, and protests may only be legally held at¬†Speakers’ Corner.

Brunei: The personal fiefdom of teh Sultan of Brunei, with few if any democratic processes in place. The country has been under martial law since 1962. Despite a lack of democracy the government regularly fetes the Sultan of Brunei and allows him to maintain an extensive property portfolio in Auckland, and travel with freedom in his own jet which is often parked up at Auckland. Media are tightly controled:

The country has been given “Not Free” status by¬†Freedom House; press criticism of the government and monarchy is rare.[

Myanmar (Burma): A military dictatorship, where the NZ Government is more than happy for SOEs like Kordia to make millions from a government that is rife with human rights abuses and of course actively and violently suppresses the opposition.

The United Nations and several other organizations have reported consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country, including genocide,child labour, human trafficking and a lack of freedom of speech. In recent years the country and its military leadership have made huge concessions to democratic activists and are slowly improving relations with the major powers and the UN.

Thailand: Any government in Thailand serves at the pleasure of the King. They have had more coups since the formation of the country than any other in the region. Yet New Zealand already has a Free Trade Agreement with them. Since the country was founded in modern times in 1932, ironically by a coup, they have had coups and/or insurrections in 1932, 1933, 1938, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1957,  and 1973.

The history of Thailand from 1932 to 1973 was dominated by military dictatorships which were in power for much of the period.

The most recent coup was in 2006 when Thaksin Shinwatra was overthrown, and a in 2010 there was a “judicial coup”:

Immediately following what many media described as a “judicial coup”, a senior member of the Armed Forces met with factions of the governing coalition to get their members to join the opposition and the¬†Democrat Party¬†was able to form a government, a first for the party since 2001. The leader of the Democrat party, and former leader of the opposition,¬†Abhisit Vejjajiva¬†was appointed and sworn-in as the 27th¬†Prime Minister, together with the new cabinet on 17 December 2008.

In of April 2010, a set of new¬†protests¬†by the¬†Red Shirt¬†opposition movement resulted in 87 deaths (mostly civilian and some military) and 1,378 injured.¬†When the army tried to disperse the protesters on 10 April 2010, the army was met with automatic gunfire, grenades, and fire bombs from the opposition faction in the army, known as the “watermelon”. This resulted in the army returning fire with rubber bullets and some live ammunition. During the time of the “red shirt” protests against the government, there have been numerous grenade and bomb attacks against government offices and the homes of government officials. Grenades were fired at protesters, that were protesting against the “red shirts” and for the government, by unknown gunmen killing one pro-government protester, the government stated that the Red Shirts were firing the weapons at civilians.

There is far more of a coup culture in Thailand but we are yet to see travel bans for members of the government, travel warnings or sanctions, instead New Zealand gave them a FTA.

Cambodia: is recovering from the legacy of the Khmer Rouge regime and subsequent Vietnamese occupation.

Hun Sen and his government have seen much controversy. Hun Sen was a former Khmer Rouge commander who was originally installed by the Vietnamese and, after the Vietnamese left the country, maintains his strong man position by violence and oppression when deemed necessary. In 1997, fearing the growing power of his co-Prime Minister, Prince Norodom Ranariddh, Hun launched a coup, using the army to purge Ranariddh and his supporters. Ranariddh was ousted and fled to Paris while other opponents of Hun Sen were arrested, tortured and some summarily executed.

In addition to political oppression, the Cambodian government has been accused of corruption in the sale of vast areas of land to foreign investors resulting in the eviction of thousands of villagers¬†as well as taking bribes in exchange for grants to exploit Cambodia’s oil wealth and mineral resources.¬†Cambodia is consistently listed as one of the most corrupt governments in the world.

Laos: A single party communist dictatorship. Their human rights record is appalling. no democracy here, no press freedoms, no indepedent judiciary…but welcome into a Free Trade Agreement while we shun Fiji.

Vietnam: A Single party communist dictatorship controlled by the military. Media freedoms are non existant:

Vietnam’s media sector is regulated by the government in accordance with the 2004 Law on Publication.¬†It is generally perceived that Vietnam’s media sector is controlled by the government to follow the official communist party line, though some newspapers are relatively outspoken.¬†The¬†Voice of Vietnam¬†is the official state-run national radio broadcasting service, broadcasting internationally via shortwave using rented transmitters in other countries, and providing broadcasts from its website.¬†Vietnam Television¬†is the national television broadcasting company.

Since 1997, Vietnam has extensively regulated public¬†Internet¬†access, using both legal and technical means. The resulting lockdown is widely referred to as the “Bamboo¬†Firewall.”¬†The collaborative project¬†OpenNet Initiative¬†classifies Vietnam’s level of online political censorship to be “pervasive”,¬†while¬†Reporters without Borders¬†considers Vietnam to be one of 15 global “internet enemies”.

Philippines: The only real democracy in the countries listed above. Still not without a history of military control at some points and some coup culture.

When you see it all listed there you really wonder why we continue to freeze out Fiji when it appears we are quite prepared to deal with Military Dictatorships, Communist states and corrupt demagogues. It must be interesting to try and justify all that inside MFaT while at the same time running the silly policies we have against Fiji.

 

  • Bruce

    Which just goes to show how little difference there is between the foreign policy of Labour and National. We might as well have a one party state also given how little difference it would make.

  • cows4me

    I fail to see why you think NZ is any better then those listed. We have 123 politicians that believe they speak for the people but it is quite obviously this is not the case. Example the latest vote on the drinking age. 70% of the voting public would be happy for the age to be raised. You call our system democratic, oh fucking please.

  • Timmy

    Ultimately Cam the difference between the ASEAN countries and Fiji is that we can make a difference in Fiji, whereas if we ignored/told off ASEAN we just end up shooting ourselves in the foot, since 1) taken together its members are our 4th largest export market, and 2) if we put a foot wrong by them they will just shut us out, full stop (as they nearly did over our sanctions against Myanmar, but didn’t thanks to deft NZ diplomacy). Fiji on the other hand is much more dependent on us (and other democracies, namely members of the EU and Australia) and we can influence them back towards democracy.

    I’m surprised that a blogger who makes a living from pushing the limits of freedom of expression is so sanguine about the restrictions on freedom of the press in Fiji.

    Oh and you’re quite wrong about Indonesia, which had direct elections in 1999, 2002, 2004 and 2009, and settled the Acehnese conflict after the 2004 tsunami. Google Jusuf Kalla and Aceh if you give a shit about the details. Indonesia has a vibrant press and a history of personal tolerance, which is a subtlety that you’d not understand if you hadn’t lived there and only read the lamentable NZ press (something you and I would agree on).

    • Timmy

      Sorry my mistake, in 2001, not 2002, Megawati took over as President after the people’s assembly removed Gus Dur. So not a democratic election… but you get the point above. [More generally Indonesia is on the right track; the hope is that Fiji gets there again.]

      • http://www.whaleoil.co.nz Whaleoil

        So just one, out of all those…and you miss my point…that we are quite happy to cozy up to dictators when it suits us by are dying in a ditch over returning Fiji to a democracy that was flawed under a racist constitution…with corrupt politicians…it is hypocritical behaviour and I will continue to call it out.

        My point about the media is that our government calls for media freedoms in Fiji but ignores the censorship of China and all those countries I listed above…it is crass hypocrisy.

        We either insist on media freedoms fora ll our neighbours and trading partners or we STFU about all of them…if it is ok to trade with a military Junta in Burma then why not with Fiji, which is not even under martial law…

        We have zero influence in Fiji anymore…our “smart sanctions” have seen to that…they have learned that the sanctions are useless, that they don;t need New Zealand and as a result we have no ability to influence anymore.

        • Gazzaw

          Democracy as we understand it has never existed in Asia & is never likely to. The only possible exceptions are Japan, Korea & Taiwan who had Western systems foisted on them by the US & even now sit somewhat uncomfortably with them. I agree totally with you regarding Fiji & the hypocrisy of successive governments in both NZ & Australia in their dealings with Bainimarama. Frank quite understandably can now give the big finger to JK & Gillard & we can sit and watch as China ups its influence in our backyard. Not that it worries me but the xenophobes in NZ are going to have a tough time coping in many ways not the least sharing Denarau with the Chinese masses!

    • http://www.whaleoil.co.nz Whaleoil

      We can’t make a difference in Fiji because we froze them out and now they don;t give a fuck what we think. Fiji doesn’t even care anymore about the bullshit South Pacific Forum…they think it is a joke.

    • LesleyNZ

      Timmy – what restrictions in the media? That was ages ago. If you bothered to read the Roadmap to Democracy 2009-2014 document you will find out that Fiji hasn’t needed us to influence them towards democracy. They have been working through a timetable and electronic voter registration is the latest step to be ticked off. You really haven’t a clue what you are talking about. Fiji is the least dependent of all the Pacific Islands and are well on their way to standing on their own feet. That is why they don’t have to say “Yes Sir, No Sir, 3 bags full Sir” to NZ and Oz – unlike those other Pacific Island Nations at the Pacific Forum.

    • island time

      Fiji has shown that it can survive without NZ. Simple as that. They have a pretty effective “look north” policy. You seem to have a veiw of Fiji as portrayed in the NZ media….pretty sad

  • Scanner

    We can take pride in joining that elite group with some excellent credentials, we have an electoral system that allows a group of our population a vote based on the colour of their skin, we also send sporting teams to other countries based on their ethnicity, covered in just one word – apartheid

  • Se√°n

    Current government of Thailand is elected by popular vote (July 2011). Even after the first coup in 2006 a general election was held in Dec-2007. The shenanigans of late 2008 led to the Red Shirt movement (and eventually the election of July last year). The difference between Thailand and Fiji is that there have always been promises of elections and essentially they have been kept.

  • AarDee

    Fiji has pretty much told NZ and Australia where to keep their tainted fingers and it has gone ahead and made friends with countries that matter in a growing world. NZ,s sanctions has hit NZ more than Fiji that is why Murray M sneaked into Fiji on the pretext of holding talks. That in fact was a face saving act by NZ.

  • LesleyNZ

    Fiji not moved by Pacific Island Forum
    08:13 Todayhttp://www.fbc.com.fj/fiji/4502/fiji-not-moved-by-pacific-island-forum

    Attorney General Aiyaz Sayed-KhaiyumTaken from/By: FBC News
    Report by: Elenoa Turagaiviu
    Fiji will not be moved by the Pacific Island Forum’s decision to keep Fiji suspended from the regional bloc says Attorney General Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum.
    Though the Forum noted Fiji’s progress towards democracy they maintain no major changes will happen until after elections.
    Former Pacific Islands Forum chair John Keys says a reason Fiji was not reinstated is because of serious questions such as what happens to the military and whether they will be sent back to the barracks after the elections.
    Sayed Khaiyum says Australia and New Zealands non-engagement with Fiji created the situation but Fiji is always willing to talk.
    ‚ÄúWe are always open to engage with everybody. As long as they respect our sovereignty. We will not adhere to any bullying tactics that is used by foreign countries.‚ÄĚ
    He says Fiji’s inclusion in an alternate forum the Pacific Islands Development Forum should send a clear message to Australia and New Zealand.
    ‚ÄúI think Australia and New Zealand need to question themselves on how they think they can position themselves in the Pacific.‚ÄĚ
    The Pacific section of the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (APC) group has decided Fiji should again be allowed to participate in its processes, despite its suspension from the Forum.

  • parorchestia

    Great post, Cam. We should ask for Fiji’s forgiveness and offer to do what we can to help instead of being blithering bullies (as my old Mum would say).

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