Affordable housing

Imagine being able to lease a 3D printer to build your entire house

Affordable homes could also come from the application of 3D printers on a much larger scale.

Kathleen Miles reports

The technology, called Contour Crafting, is already here and can build a 2,500-square-foot home in 20 hours.

The massive robot printer was invented by University of Southern California professor Behrokh Khoshnevis, who says that the technology is so versatile that it can be used to build homes in slums or human habitats on Mars.

The technology is ideal for the world’s slums and areas destroyed by natural disasters, claims Khoshnevis, because the robot’s construction is cheaper, stronger, faster, safer and more eco-friendly than manual construction.

Khoshnevis also says NASA is supportive of using the technology to build lunar habitats, laboratories and roads on the Moon or Mars that could eventually house human life. NASA did not immediately respond to HuffPost’s request for comment.

He points out that construction is far behind manufacturing when it comes to automation.

And instead of churning out the same parts over and over again like we have in traditional manufacturing, you can print out a different 3D house on every run. Just send it different instructions.

The robot can also tile the floors, install plumbing, install electrical wiring and even paint or apply wallpaper.

Khoshnevis disputes concerns about potential job losses from such technology. In fact, he says it will create new jobs that are safer and that will allow women and older workers to participate more in the construction industry.

Khoshnevis is planning to establish a company to commercialize the technology and hopefully make it available for purchase in a few years, he told the USC student newspaper Daily Trojan.

Ultimately, Khoshnevis thinks that Contour Crafting will replace construction as we know it, reduce costs and make construction accessible to anyone.

“Imagine a Contour Crafting machine for lease at you local Home Depot,” the researcher’s site reads.

Recovering from disasters such earthquakes, cyclones or tsunamis could also be dramatically improved.

It may be a little too easy to think of this as far fetched stuff that we won’t see in our life time, but who could have foreseen smart phones when the first man set foot on the moon?

One thing is for sure. 3D printing has the potential to be the next revolution in how mankind gets ahead.

 

- huffingtonpost.com

Herald editorial on state house changes

The Herald Editorial discusses the changes the government have made to state housing.

An era ended yesterday. The idea that a state house was awarded to tenants for life has been consigned to history. Legislation that put an end to this idea passed through Parliament late last year, remarkably with little comment. The law came into effect yesterday just as quietly. From now on, tenants will face a review every three years to see whether their income or circumstances have improved.

The absence of much protest suggests the public attitude changed long ago. Yet it shows some courage on the Government’s part. Sooner or later an elderly person is going to be evicted from a house she loves in a neighbourhood where she has lived most of her life, so that a family may be given the three-bedroom home she has occupied alone, and she will be on television.

Normally Housing New Zealand would be able to offer her a smaller but reasonably alternative home. But another historic change that took effect yesterday means the corporation no longer decides who gets a house.

The role has been passed to the Ministry of Social Development, which will assess applicants’ housing need as part of all forms of assistance they require. That makes sense and should make the system fairer.  Read more »

Cunliffe goes over the top and signals Labour will continue to provide for bludgers

Aside from not wanting to let the facts get in the way yet again David Cunliffe is starting to adopt the verbal approach of his chief of staff, we had the Garner interview that was mate this and mate that which from a toff in a Herne Bay mansion is ridiculous.

We now have the totally over the top reaction to what is some pretty minor changes to state house tenancies, reviewing a tenancy in a HNZ house to someone whose luck has improved to free up a house for someone more deserving is now “disgusting”.

Clearly there is some media training going on but with the same results that Phil Goff and David Shearer had…you can’t completely re invent someone.

And what of the policy?

Sounds like pretty sensible stuff to me and no doubt any other working person out there paying private rent.

The changes, coming into effect tomorrow, give community housing providers greater access to money to subsidise people in desperate need of a home.

It means non-government groups can offer income-related rents for tenants for the first time.

Social Development Minister Paula Bennett said it would allow more diverse housing options for people on the waiting list, and make houses more affordable.

“It means significant savings for those renting the houses, with the state picking up a bigger part of the bill for them,” she said.

The government has set a target for 20 per cent of the country’s social housing to be provided by non-government organisations by 2017. Currently there are about 1200, but Minister for Housing Nick Smith said he wants that number to rise to 12,000.

Many of those new projects will be in West Auckland – where about 1200 of the 5500 people on the national state house waiting list live.  Read more »

Wait Til The Oldies Die To Own Their Home

All over the world, (but only really in cities desirable to live such as Sydney, Auckland, London, New York and Hong Kong), there is mass outcry from younger people demanding solutions to this myth of “affordable housing”.  At the moment it is not affordable – to the taxpayers who are having to subsidise these crazy buy-a-vote schemes.

Here is yet another example why governments should not intervene in the property market.

Pension Funds about to be tipped into housing in UK.

That’s right, the baby boomers are about to get their cash all at once.  And are tipped to throw it all into housing.

Added to that simultaneously a bottom-about face “Help To Buy” scheme in the UK that is encouraging massive amounts of cheap debt to people who say they currently cannot afford a home therefore further driving up prices.  A crazy policy but one that you would be a fool not to sign up to considering that future governments will be forced to bail out any bubble pop in the market. Easy credit is fuelling prices, not assisting affordability.  Read more »

Don’t blame Chinese for house price increases, blame Labour and people like Selwyn Pellett

Our politicians, particularly the more xenophobic of them, like to blame Johnny Foreigner for the rise in house prices.

The same is happening in Australia, with all manner of things like Chinese investors being blamed. The real reason though is somewhat different.

Labour and the Greens claim that restricting foreign investment and applying capital gains taxes will lower prices…and yet the opposite is true in Australia.

Foreign investors are not to blame for rising house prices. The real culprits are the taxing and regulating activities of Australian governments that raise the supply price of new housing.

Despite this, the House of Representatives economics committee is set to inquire into the impact of foreign investment on the Australian housing market at the instigation of Treasurer Joe Hockey.

According to committee chair Kelly O’Dwyer, the inquiry will consider whether the current restrictions on foreign investment in residential real estate serve to increase supply, as is their stated intention, or raise prices.

This is rather like asking whether foreign tourists increase the production of goods and services or raise consumer prices. The answer depends on how flexibly Australian producers can accommodate changes in foreign as well as local demand through increased output.

Is more red-tape and bureaucracy the answer for Christchurch?

Apparently the Christchurch City Council thinks more red-tape and bureaucracy will solve the housing problem in the city.

City councillors have voted unanimously to explore options for setting up a register of residential rental properties in Christchurch.

The proposed register is the idea of the Tenants Protection Association (TPA) and is part of measures that are being considered to help address the crippling shortage of rental accommodation in the city.

TPA manager Helen Gatonyi told the council’s housing committee that New Zealand was one of the few countries that did not have a register of residential rental properties.

“It has been said there is more legislation required to house pigs than there is to house people in this country. We need to register our car, our dogs, we need to register our businesses, so why is there so much resistance to registering our residential rental housing,” Gatonyi said.

In view of the housing crisis in Christchurch a rental register was critical as authorities needed to have a comprehensive understanding of the rental market so they could plan to meet the accommodation needs of the estimated 10,000 workers who would be coming into the city to assist with the rebuild.

“It is absolutely necessary for planning,” Gatonyi said. “We need to know what residential accommodation is available and where it is.”

The level of homelessness in Christchurch was a “great deal bigger than any of us want to contemplate” and a key to changing that situation was having accurate information on where the gaps were.   Read more »

A guest post – Debunking the debunker

by Phil Hayward

The annual Demographia Housing Affordability Report always brings out a bit of discussion but little or nothing in the way of strong committal to reform. On the core issue of housing supply, this is a sensitive issue of “local democracy”.

The battle for public opinion has obviously been dominated by the supporters of “compact city”, anti-car planning; Auckland’s democratically re-elected Mayor is the personification of this ideology, and the Councillors who have been re-elected are largely the same people who signed off on notification of the grossly flawed Spatial Plan.

The arch-Greenie urban planner Joel Cayford has now posted a criticism of the latest Demographia Report that is typical of the arguments mounted by the compact city ideologues and vested interests. 

He actually has the gall to accuse the NZ Herald and the Auckland Council of “giving the Demographia Housing Affordability survey an easy ride”, which is rich given the entrenched position of both in support of the grossly flawed and under-scrutinised Spatial Plan and the whole compact city concept.

One form that denial of the existence of a housing affordability problem takes, is that “everyone had it tough in their day and our young people should harden up”. Principally this involves the argument that mortgage repayments relative to income might be not a lot higher now in comparison to historical episodes of very high interest rates when house prices were lower. Cayford’s “debunking” covers this – Demographia “doesn’t take interest rates into account” – shock, horror.

But why should it? Demographia are demonstrating the difference between housing markets with well-functioning supply of houses, and those without. In the latter, house prices inflate as fast as interest rates are cut, leaving no buyer any further ahead; and the lower the interest rate (and larger the loan) the higher the risk of future interest rate hikes leaving young first home buyers dangerously exposed. The large size of the principal really matters.

But if the advocates of a measure of “affordability” want one that does take interest rates into account, perhaps they should examine the affordability under this criteria, of houses in the affordable-price cities in the USA. Here is a graph of the rates at which a mortgage can be obtained in the USA, with rates fixed for 30 years.

30yearinterestrates Approximately 4.5% Read more »

Tweet of the Day

Cactus Kate is of course commenting on the news that Auckland is now second only to Hong kong for unaffordable housing.

Hong Kong is of course land constrained, Auckland is not except by design.

The NZ Herald reports:

Housing is increasingly out of Aucklanders’ reach as incomes drop and house prices rocket, an annual global study shows.  Read more »

Builders gold rush? Not likely

The NZ Herald has a contradictory article on homes and building in today’s edition.

Builders expect a rush of first-home buyers planning to build new houses following the Reserve Bank’s announcement they will be exempt from new mortgage lending rules.

Two months after the limits were introduced, the bank said yesterday it would exempt new home building from them after consulting groups such as the Registered Master Builders Federation and the banks.

The building association said that the rules, which restrict lending to borrowers with less than a 20 per cent deposit to 10 per cent of a bank’s total, had resulted in cancelled orders for new homes and a 30 per cent drop-off in inquiries.

The change is likely to push more new homeowners to the city fringes where more land is available for building. Construction companies were yesterday predicting a surge in activity levels.

Reading this it strikes me as truly odd that the Herald would publish contradictory information only days apart.

Yesterday Brian Fallow says that the housing shortfall is only 5000 dwellings, not 90,000 (former ARC’s position in 2009), 30,000 (Auckland Council) or 20,000, just 5000.   Read more »

Manufacturing the news at the NZ Herald

Rachel Cunliffe has blogged at the Stats Chat blog about  the latest manufactured news story in the NZ Herald.

It really is too funny that they contradict their own story saying something completely different from May.

The most-read story on the NZ Herald right now is “Cost of home dream in Auckland –19 incomes. Only six months ago, the NZ Herald published an infographic which showed that a median house costs 6.9 times the annual median household income in Auckland. It’s enough to make anyone confused.

The new article says:

“It would take 19 median incomes in Auckland to buy a home for the city’s median house price.

In the 1,119,195 Census forms filled out for Auckland, the median annual income was $29,600, a Herald analysis found.”

I checked with the Stats NZ Census figures (Excel spreadsheet) and found the $29,600 figure is for the usually resident population count aged 15 years and over. In other words, this includes everyone who is not in paid employment: all the students, retirees, parents who are staying at home, those on benefits and not working etc.    Read more »