Chris Pine

May 9, 1992, 17

 

From Wikipedia

1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday.

  • Jim Bolger was Prime Minister and National the Government
  • January 1 – Boutros Boutros-Ghali of Egypt replaces Javier Pérez de Cuéllar of Peru as United Nations Secretary-General.
  • January 1 – George H. W. Bush becomes the first U.S. President to address the Australian Parliament.
  • January 8 – George H. W. Bush is televised falling violently ill at a state dinner in Japan, vomiting into the lap of Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa and fainting.
  • January 22 – Israeli–Palestinian conflict: Beit Lid massacre – In central Israel, near Netanya, two Arab suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip kill 19
  • February 10 – In Indianapolis, Indiana, boxer Mike Tyson is convicted of raping Desiree Washington.
  • February 18 – Iraq disarmament crisis: The Executive Chairman of UNSCOM details Iraq’s refusal to abide by UN Security Council disarmament resolutions.
  • March 18Windows 3.1 is released by Microsoft.
  • April 2 – In New York, Mafia boss John Gotti is convicted of the murder of mob boss Paul Castellano and of racketeering, and is later sentenced to life in prison.
  • April 9 – United Kingdom general election, 1992: the Conservative Party, led by John Major, is re-elected.
  • April 20 – The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert, held at Wembley Stadium, is televised live to over 1 billion people and raises millions of dollars for AIDS research.
  • April 29 – In Simi Valley, California, a jury acquits four LAPD police officers accused of excessive force in the videotaped beating of black motorist Rodney King, causing the 1992 Los Angeles riots and leading to 53 deaths and $1 billion in damage.
  • May 9 – Cameron Slater married Juana Atkins in Auckland, New Zealand
  • May 13 – Falun Gong is introduced by Li Hongzhi in China.
  • May 19 – In San Francisco, U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle gives his famous Murphy Brown speech.
  • May 25 – Jay Leno becomes the new host of NBC’s Tonight Show, following the retirement of Johnny Carson.
  • May 25 – In Australia, Lindy Chamberlain receives compensation for wrongful conviction on murder charges.
  • June 1 – Venezuelan revolutionary Carlos (the Jackal) is sentenced to life imprisonment.
  • June 15 – During a spelling bee at a Trenton, New Jersey elementary school, U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle erroneously corrects a student’s spelling of the word potato, indicating it should have an e at the end.
  • June 22 – Two skeletons excavated in Yekaterinburg are identified as Czar Nicholas II of Russia and Tsarina Alexandra.
  • June 23 – Mafia boss John Gotti is sentenced to life in prison, after being found guilty of conspiracy to commit murder and racketeering on April 2.
  • July 6–29 – Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq refuses a U.N. inspection team access to the Iraqi Ministry of Agriculture. UNSCOM claims that it has reliable information that the site contains archives related to illegal weapons activities. U.N. Inspectors stage a 17-day “sit-in” outside of the building, but leave when their safety is threatened by Iraqi soldiers.
  • July 10 – In Miami, Florida, former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.
  • July 13 – Yitzhak Rabin becomes prime minister of Israel.
  • October 3 – After performing a song protesting alleged child abuse by the Catholic Church, Sinéad O’Connor rips up a photo of Pope John Paul II on Saturday Night Live, causing huge controversy, leading the switchboards at NBC to ring off the hook.
  • October 31 – Pope John Paul II issues an apology, and lifts the edict of the Inquisition against Galileo Galilei.
  • November 3U.S. presidential election, 1992: Bill Clinton defeats incumbent U.S. President George H. W. Bush and businessman H. Ross Perot.
  • November 11 – The Church of England votes to allow women to become priests.
  • November 20 – In England, a fire breaks out in Windsor Castle, causing over £50 million worth of damage.
  • November 24 – Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom describes this year as an Annus Horribilis (horrible year), due to various scandals damaging the image of the Royal Family, as well as the Windsor Castle fire.

Also from Wikipedia

17 (seventeen) is the natural number following 16 and preceding 18. It is prime.

In mathematics

Seventeen is the 7th prime number. The next prime is nineteen, with which it forms a twin prime. 17 is the sum of the first four primes. 17 is the sixth Mersenne prime exponent, yielding 131071. 17 is an Eisenstein prime with no imaginary part and real part of the form 3n − 1.

17 is the third Fermat prime, as it is of the form 2^{2^2} + 1, and it is also a Proth prime. Since 17 is a Fermat prime, heptadecagons can be drawn with compass and ruler. This was proven by Carl Friedrich Gauss.[1] Another consequence of 17 being a Fermat prime is that it is not a Higgs prime for squares or cubes.

17 is the only positive Genocchi number that is prime, the only negative one being -3. It is also the third Stern prime.

As 17 is the least prime factor of the first twelve terms of the Euclid-Mullin sequence, it is the thirteenth term.

Seventeen is the aliquot sum of two numbers, the odd discrete biprimes 39 and 55 is the base of the 17-aliquot tree.

There are exactly seventeen two-dimensional space (plane symmetry) groups. These are sometimes called wallpaper groups, as they represent the seventeen possible symmetry types that can be used for wallpaper.

Like 41, the number 17 is a prime that yields primes in the polynomial n2 + n + p, for all positive n < p – 1.

Consider a sequence of real numbers between 0 and 1 such that the first two lie in different halves of this interval, the first three in different thirds, and so forth. The maximum possible length of such a sequence is 17 (Berlekamp & Graham, 1970, example 63).

Either 16 or 18 unit squares can be formed into rectangles with perimeter equal to the area; and there are no other natural numbers with this property. The Platonists regarded this as a sign of their peculiar propriety; and Plutarch notes it when writing that the Pythagoreans “utterly abominate” 17, which “bars them off from each other and disjoins them”.[2]

17 is the tenth Perrin number, preceded in the sequence by 7, 10, 12.

In base 9, the smallest prime with a composite sum of digits is 17.

17 is known as the Feller number, after the famous mathematician William Feller who taught at Princeton University for many years. Feller would say, when discussing an unsolved mathematical problem, that if it could be proved for the case n = 17 then it could be proved for all positive integers n. He would also say in lectures, “Let’s try this for an arbitrary value of n, say n=17.”

Similar to Feller, Prof. Vadim Khayms of Stanford University is also known to use 17 as an arbitrary value during lectures. His Computational Mathematics for Engineers course includes 17 lectures.

17 is the least random number[3], according to the Hackers’ Jargon File. There is a proven theorem that 17 is the value most likely to be picked as a “random” number when such is needed in journalism which is derived from the Feller number.[4]

It is a repunit prime in hexadecimal (11).

It is believed that the minimum possible number of givens for a sudoku puzzle with a unique solution is 17, but this has yet to be proven.

There are 17 orthogonal curvilinear coordinate systems (to within a conformal symmetry) in which the 3-variable Laplace equation can be solved using the separation of variables technique.

17 is the first number that can be written as the sum of a positive cube and a positive square in two different ways; that is, the smallest n such that x3 + y2 = n has two different solutions for x and y positive integers. The next such number is 65.

In Science

  • The atomic number of chlorine.
  • The Brodmann area defining the primary visual processing area of mammallian brains.
  • Group 17 of the periodic table are the Halogens.

From Wikipedia

May 9 is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 236 days remaining until the end of the year.

  • 1502 – Christopher Columbus leaves Spain for his fourth and final journey to the New World.
  • 1671 – Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal England’s Crown Jewels from the Tower of London.
  • 1887 – Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West Show opens in London.
  • 1901 – Australia opens its first parliament in Melbourne.
  • 1926 – Admiral Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett claim to have flown over the North Pole (later discovery of Byrd’s diary seems to indicate that this did not happen).
  • 1927 – The Australian Parliament first convenes in Canberra.
  • 1936 – Italy formally annexes Ethiopia after taking the capital Addis Ababa on May 5.
  • 1941 – World War II: The German submarine U-110 is captured by the Royal Navy. On board is the latest Enigma cryptography machine which Allied cryptographers later use to break coded German messages.
  • 1942 – World War II: Belgrade becomes the first Axis-conquered city to murder or eliminate its Jewish population.
  • 1942 – Holocaust: The SS murder 588 Jewish residents of the Podolian town of Zinkiv (Khmelnytska oblast, Ukraine).
  • 1945 – World War II: The final German surrender to Marshal Georgy Zhukov at Berlin-Karlshorst is signed by Colonel-General Hans-Jürgen Stumpff as the representative of the Luftwaffe, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel as the Chief of Staff of OKW, and Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine.
  • 1945 – World War II: Hermann Göring is captured by the United States Army.
  • 1945 – World War II: Vidkun Quisling is arrested in Norway.
  • 1949 – Rainier III of Monaco becomes Prince of Monaco.
  • 1974 – Watergate Scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee opens formal and public impeachment hearings against President Richard Nixon.

Births

  • 1800 – John Brown, American abolitionist (d. 1859)
  • 1874 – Howard Carter, British archaeologist (d. 1939)
  • 1918 – Mike Wallace, American journalist
  • 1920 – Richard Adams, English author
  • 1949 – Billy Joel, American musician

Deaths

  • 1789 – Jean Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval, French artillery specialist (b. 1715)
  • 1977 – James Jones, American writer (b. 1921)
  • 1978 – Aldo Moro, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1916)
  • 1986 – Tenzing Norgay, Nepalese sherpa and 1st sherpa to climb Mt. Everest (b. 1914)
  • 2001 – James E. Myers, American songwriter (Rock Around the Clock) and producer (b. 1919)
  • 2008 – Jack Gibson, Australian rugby league footballer and coach (b. 1929)

At 3pm on May 9, 1992, my soon to be wife alighted from a maroon Rolls Royce Silver Cloud III and walked down the aisle to meet me. By 3:30pm we were married and still are 17 years later.

 

Tavor perfect

The Tavor rifle was deployed in combat for the first time in the recent Gaza conflict by the Israeli army and has come up trumps for the army and for the manufacturer.

After years of testing and modification, the Tavor assault rifle is headed towards becoming the IDF infantry’s chief assault rifle following a successful performance in Operation Cast Lead in Gaza.

The IDF has completed its study of the weapon’s performance in the Gaza fighting and a report will be handed in to the Chief Infantry and Paratroopers Officer, Brig.-Gen. Yossi Buchner, and to OC Ground Forces Command, Maj.-Gen. Avi Mizrachi, within the next few weeks.  

The weapon is not expected to undergo any upgrading in the near future because the Ground Forces Command found nothing to improve in it, IDF journal Bamachaneh reported. I.W.I., which manufactures the weapon, asked the IDF for feedback on the weapon’s performance, but “the answer we got was that the weapon is excellent and there is nothing to fix,” I.W.I. Director Uri Amit said.

Perhaps the NZDF should look at replacing the hopeless Styr with this.