Today in History

November 2 – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

  • 676 – Donus became Pope.
  • 1772 – American Revolutionary War: Samuel Adams and Joseph Warren form the first Committee of Correspondence.
  • 1783 – In Rocky Hill, New Jersey, US General George Washington gives his "Farewell Address to the Army".
  • 1868 – Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally
  • 1889 – North and South Dakota are admitted as the 39th and 40th U.S. states.
  • 1895 – The first gasoline-powered race in the United States. First prize: $2,000
  • 1898 – Cheerleading is started at the University of Minnesota with Johnny Campbell leading the crowd in cheering on the football team.
  • 1899 – The Boers started their 118 day siege of British held Ladysmith during the Second Boer War
  • 1914 – Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1917 – The Balfour Declaration proclaims support for Jewish settlement in Palestine.
  • 1930 – Haile Selassie is crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
  • 1936 – Italian dictator Benito Mussolini proclaims the Rome-Berlin Axis, establishing the alliance of the Axis Powers.
  • 1936 – the British Broadcasting Corporation initiates the BBC Television Service, the world's first regular, high-definition (then defined as at least 200 lines) service. Renamed BBC1 in 1964, the channel still runs to this day.
  • 1947 – In California, Designer Howard Hughes performs the maiden (and only) flight of the Spruce Goose; the largest fixed-wing aircraft ever built.
  • 1948 – U.S. presidential election, 1948: Harry S. Truman defeats Thomas E. Dewey for the US presidency.
  • 1953 – The Constituent Assembly of Pakistan names the country The Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
  • 1960 – Penguin Books is found not guilty of obscenity in the Lady Chatterley's Lover case
  • 1964 – King Saud of Saudi Arabia was deposed by a family coup, and replaced by his half-brother King Faisal.
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: US President Lyndon B. Johnson and "The Wise Men" conclude that the American people should be given more optimistic reports on the progress of the war.
  • 1968 – Whaleoil was born in Suva, Fiji
  • 1983 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill creating Martin Luther King Day, currently the only national holiday honoring an individual American.
  • 1984 – Capital punishment: Velma Barfield becomes the first woman executed in the United States since 1962.
  • 1988 – The Morris worm, the first internet-distributed computer worm to gain significant mainstream media attention, was launched from MIT.
  • 2000 – The first crew arrives at the International Space Station.

Births

  • 1082 – Emperor Huizong of China (d. 1135)
  • 1699 – Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter (d. 1779)
  • 1709 – Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange (d. 1759)
  • 1734 – Daniel Boone, American frontiersman (d. 1820)
  • 1815 – George Boole, English mathematician and philosopher (d. 1864)
  • 1844 – Mehmed V, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
  • 1865 – Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States (d. 1923)
  • 1877 – Joseph De Piro, Maltese founder of the Missionary Society of St. Paul (d. 1933)
  • 1877 – Aga Khan III, Shia Imam (d. 1957)
  • 1893 – Battista Farina, founder of Pininfarina company (d. 1966)
  • 1913 – Burt Lancaster, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 1929 – Richard E. Taylor, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937 – Earl Carroll, lead vocalist of The Cadillacs
  • 1938 – Pat Buchanan, American journalist and politician
  • 1938 – Queen Sofia of Spain
  • 1941 – Bruce Welch, English musician and songwriter (The Shadows)
  • 1942 – Shere Hite, American author
  • 1942 – Stefanie Powers, American actress
  • 1944 – Keith Emerson, British keyboardist and composer (Emerson, Lake & Palmer)
  • 1946 – Alan Jones, Australian race car driver
  • 1968 – Whaleoil, New Zealand Blogger
  • 1977 – Jason Cerbone, American actor (The Sopranos)

Deaths

  • 943 – Queen Emma of France, (b. 894)
  • 1083 – Matilda of Flanders, Queen consort (b. 1031)
  • 1285 – King Peter III of Aragon (b. 1239)
  • 1327 – King James II of Aragon (b. 1267)
  • 1483 – Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English politician (b. 1454)
  • 1610 – Richard Bancroft, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1544)
  • 1618 – Archduke Maximilian III of Austria (b. 1568)
  • 1950 – George Bernard Shaw, Irish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1856)
  • 1963 – Ngô Đình Diệm, President of South Vietnam (b. 1901)
  • 2004 – Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahayan, President of the United Arab Emirates (b. 1918)
  • 2004 – Theo van Gogh, Dutch filmmaker (b. 1957)

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