Photo Of The Day

Photo of Nancy Wake's Forged Identity Card, photographer unknown.

Photo of Nancy Wake’s Forged Identity Card, photographer unknown.

“The White Mouse”

Nancy Grace Augusta Wake

Heléne (SOE)
Andrée (French Resistance/SOE Identity)
White Mouse (Gestapo in France)
Witch (Operation:)

‘Freedom is the only thing worth living for. While I was doing that work I used to think that it didn’t mater if I died, because without freedom there was no point in living’.
Nancy Wake

Nancy Wake was born in Wellington, New Zealand on 30 August 1912. She lived and was educated in Sydney. In 1932 Wake married a French businessman, Henri Fiocca. In 1940, she joined the French resistance movement. Between 1940 and 1942 she worked manning the dangerous escape routes through France and helped save the lives of hundreds of Allied Troops.

Code-named the “White Mouse” by the Gestapo, Nancy Wake is one of the most decorated women of the Second World War. She received the George Medal, 1939–45 Star, France and Germany Star, Defence Medal, British War Medal 1939–45, French Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, French Croix de Guerre with Star and two Palms, US Medal for Freedom with Palm and French Medaille de la Resistance for her courageous endeavours. Wakes’ medals are on display in the Second World War gallery at the Australian War Memorial.

The Gestapo called her “The White Mouse” for the way she deftly avoided their traps. Nancy Wake, 98, died of an infection Aug. 7. 2011, in London, and was one of the most effective and cunning British agents working in German-occupied France during World War II.

A sultry glamour girl before the war, she married a French playboy industrialist whose tastes, like hers, ran to caviar and champagne midmorning and love in the afternoon. They were living in southern France when the war ignited.

She hid downed Allied servicemen at her home and led them over the Pyrenees to the safety of neutral Spain. She later helped organize thousands of French resistance fighters known as the Maquis, by meeting Allied arms drops, distributing weapons and training 7,000 partisans in preparation for the Normandy invasion.

She earned decorations from the British, French and American governments; she was belatedly honored in Australia, where she had grown up. Exact figures are hard to establish, but she was reported to have helped save many hundreds of lives.

Nancy was an ardent warrior, possessed of an endless appetite for sensation.

As her involvement in the war deepened, Ms. Wake was trained by the British to kill with her bare hands (she delivered a fatal karate chop to a sentry at an arms factory), parachute into enemy-held territory and work a machine gun.

She chomped on cigars and bested guerrilla fighters in drinking bouts. She travelled nowhere without her Chanel lipstick, face cream and a favorite red satin cushion.

“She is the most feminine woman I know until the fighting starts — then she is like five men,” a colleague in the French resistance once said.

With her highly motivated force, Ms. Wake planned and executed a successful raid on a Gestapo garrison and an arms factory in central France in 1944.

The Gestapo placed a large bounty on her head. That she evaded capture and death added to her mystique; one-third of the 39 women serving in the British Special Operations Executive in France did not come home.

She was dauntless. When a German counterattack against the Maquis disrupted lines of communication, Ms. Wake covered 200 kilometers by bike over hostile ground to get and receive crucial messages. She slept in haystacks or in the open during her 72-hour journey, which resulted in reestablishing radio contact with London.

The nature of her work made Ms. Wake cautious. Three French women came to her attention for possibly being spies. Under her interrogation, she became satisfied two were telling the truth. She sentenced the third to death by firing squad.

“I was not a very nice person,” Ms. Wake told an Australian newspaper in 2001. “And it didn’t put me off my breakfast. After all, she had an easy death. She didn’t suffer. I knew her death was a lot better than the one I would have got.

“And if I hadn’t done it,” she added, “and she had got away and reported to the Germans what the Maquis were up to, how could I have ever faced the families of the Maquisards we lost because of it? It was definitely the right thing to do.”

Nancy Grace Augusta Wake, the youngest of six siblings, was born in New Zealand. Her father, a journalist, abandoned the family in Sydney. He also sold the family’s home, forcing his wife and their children to find new lodgings.

Ms. Wake left home at 16 and, buffered by a small inheritance from an aunt, booked passage to England.

In London, she bluffed her way into journalism by telling a Hearst newspaper executive that she was fluent in Egyptian— Egypt being a favorite topic of his. She wrote shorthand gibberish that resembled hieroglyphics and passed it off as the language.

The news executive sent her to Paris as a roving European correspondent, where she said she was awakened to the growing atrocities of Adolph Hitler.

In 1939, she married Henri Fiocca, heir to a Marseille shipping concern. She later told the Daily Telegraph: “He was tall. He could dance the tango. And if you dance the tango with a nice, tall man, you know what eventually will happen, don’t you?”

After the Germans rolled into France in 1940, she became an ambulance driver and gradually deepened her involvement in the escape line from her home in Marseille. She hid people on the run, paid exorbitant bribes to prison guards to free those captured by the local authorities and became a dependable courier for the resistance.

She became a threat to the Germans, and her handlers advised her to make her way to England via Gibraltar. Her husband promised to come after settling family business but was shot by the Nazis after refusing to reveal her whereabouts.

With the escape route in constant peril and Germans patrolling the trains, it took several tries before Ms. Wake was able to make it to Spain on the back of a coal truck. She had earlier been forced to jump from a slow-moving train, drawing the fire of German soldiers.

She arrived in England in June 1943, then underwent eight months of training in the Special Operations Executive. She was subsequently parachuted into the Auvergne region of central France as a liaison between London and the Maquis.

After the war, Ms. Wake tried to find a job that suited her energies. She ran unsuccessfully for political office in Australia, returned to England to do intelligence work and, in 1957, married former British air force pilot John Forward. He died in 1997. She never had children.

In recent years, she lived in a nursing home for retired veterans. She passed much of the day clutching a gin and tonic at the nearby hotel bar, the same watering hole where she had her first “bloody good drink” after the war.

Ms. Wake was the subject of two biographies in addition to her 1985 memoir. A TV miniseries aired in the late 1980s; she was typically scornful of its factual liberties.

“For goodness sake, did the allies parachute me into France to fry eggs and bacon for the men?” she asked. “There wasn’t an egg to be had for love nor money, and even if there had been, why would I be frying it when I had men to do that sort of thing?”

Nancy Wake, The White Mouse. A fortunate flea market find. "I do hope you will read and enjoy this book because although it is about war, a war before your time, it is full of lively episodes which should appeal to you and will show you how dearly we treasured freedom. Yours sincerely, Nancy Wake." Nancy Wake, nicknamed the White Mouse, is one of the most decorated women heroes of World War II.

Nancy Wake, The White Mouse. A fortunate flea market find. “I do hope you will read and enjoy this book because although it is about war, a war before your time, it is full of lively episodes which should appeal to you and will show you how dearly we treasured freedom. Yours sincerely, Nancy Wake.” Nancy Wake, nicknamed the White Mouse, is one of the most decorated women heroes of World War II.

Nancy was a remarkable, feisty woman. As a young journalist she witnessed an act of Nazi atrocity so vicious, so vile, that she vowed then and there to do everything in her power to stop the advance of the violent superpower. She was a woman living in France, from backwater Sydney, who ascended from lowly courier positions to lead the French Resistance. Nothing was too big a challenge. She cycled 400km across a mountain range, killed a Nazi soldier with her bare hands and rescued thousands of soldiers and civilians from certain death with her escape routes. They called her ‘The White Mouse’, after her ability to constantly evade capture. She eventually fled France to escape capture but even her absence was not enough to dull her enmity and she worked as hard as ever to bring the Nazis down. She remains Australia’s most decorated war hero. The following is an extract from Peter Fitzsimons biography of this most wonderful woman:

In a dingy little room at the back of a modest weatherboard home in the suburb of Roseneath, the air was thick with exhaustion, the sheets and floor nearby lightly spattered with blood and wetness. On the bed, a woman was just starting to recover from the searing waves of pain that had been washing over her during the supreme effort of giving birth. Even though this was her sixth child-yet her first for eight years-it never seemed to get any easier, only ever made her progressively more tired. In the gusty heights of windy Wellington, on the thirtieth day of August 1912, the timeless scene of human birth had just taken place and Ella Wake lay back exhausted, totally spent. A woman hovered close-a tapuhi, the Maori word for midwife-and she was positively beaming with happiness. Cradling the baby′s head in the crook of her bountiful arms, she pointed to the thin veil of skin which covered the top part of the infant′s head, known in English as ′a caul′.

′This,′ she said softly tracing a gentle finger across the fold of extra membrane, ′is what we call a kahu and it means your baby will always be lucky. Wherever she goes, whatever she does, the gods will look after her.′

The mother groaned and lay back in the bed.

If so, so be it. At that particular time Ella was simply too tired to care and had room only for relief that her exhausting effort was over-though she would at least tell her daughter the story of the Maori midwife′s predictions many times for years afterwards.

Ella Rosieur Wake came from an interesting ethnic mix, her genetic pool bubbling with material from the Huguenots, the French Protestants who had famously fled France so they could pursue their religion freely, and Maori, as her English great-grandmother had been a Maori maiden by the name of Pourewa. She had been the first of her race to marry a white man, in the person of Nancy′s English great-grandfather Charles Cossell, and they were wed by the Reverend William Williams at Waimate Mission Station on 26 October, 1836. Legend has it that the great Maori chieftain, Hone Hoke, had loved Pourewa himself, and had sworn death to them both, but had been killed in the Maori Wars before fulfilling his threat.

In sum, Ella′s people went a long, long way back in New Zealand, and physically she was like the land itself, rustically beautiful. As to personality though, the least that can be said is that she seemed to have inherited very little of the famous French joie de vivre-or perhaps it had simply been drained out of her over the long, hard years of child-raising. Rather, she always seemed to project a kind of long-suffering religious rectitude, a dowdy air that life was duty and duty was hard; hard was her lot and lots of children made it harder still.

Young Nancy′s father, Charles, however, was of solid English stock and was an entirely different sort of person. An extremely good-looking, tall man of easy, extroverted charisma and enormous warmth, he was a journalist/editor by trade, then working on a Wellington newspaper. He was a dapper dresser who never seemed to have a worry in the world, and there must have been some wonder from others how such a different pair as he and Ella could have managed to marry and make it, but their large brood seemed testament to the commitment they had to each other.

True, Nancy cannot remember her parents ever showing affection for each other, but that may well have been because she could simply never see past the affection her father showed her. In her young life, she loved nothing better than sitting on her father′s lap in his big easy chair, with him either reading stories to her, or dancing around the room to the sound of an ancient gramophone, or just cuddling and chatting gaily. In her memory at least, the two would laugh and joke and carry on for hours on end, and just as she instinctively felt that she was her father′s favourite, she also had a vague sense that her other brothers and sisters, not to mention her own mother, resented her for it. Not to worry, life was too good to care.

With Charles Wake′s journalistic career going so well he was receiving offers of employment from far afield, the whole family moved from the heights of Wellington to the lower North Shore of Sydney and-at an age when Nancy was still a toddler-established themselves in a rambling solid-brick residence in High Street, North Sydney. It was a house quite large enough to accommodate the equally rambling Wake family, with a sixteen year age range separating the first-born Gladys, down through Charles, Hazel, Stanley and Ruby to the youngest by a breezy country mile, Nancy.

Sydney pleased all of them. One of the jewels of the South Pacific, it may have been right on the edges of the British Empire, but as a town of 750,000 people-and three times the size of Wellington-none of them could get over the sheer size of it, the number of people crowding on the streets on a busy day. It might have started out as a convict colony, with people brought there in chains against their will, but something about it had drawn an awful lot of people there ever since.

The Wakes settled in quickly, even mother Ella, who had been initially very reluctant to leave her large extended family in New Zealand. Every day, father Charles went off to work, catching the ferry from Milsons Point across the harbour to his job in the city, and every afternoon Nancy-specifically Nancy-would be waiting for him at the gate when he returned home, simply because as she says, ′He was lovely to me and I loved him . . . we adored each other.′

But then one day he didn’t come home. Not that night. Nor the next day. Nor even the one after that. He just didn’t come home. He′d gone on a trip, Nancy′s mother told her. To America, she said. Was trying to get something going in this new thing everyone was talking about called ′the movies′. He′d gone there with an idea to make a movie about the Maori culture in his native New Zealand and he would be back in about three months. Nancy patiently waited. And waited some more. But still he didn’t come home, and still she received no word, no letter, no postcard, nothing. Where was Daddy?

Where indeed. One day, Nancy noticed that her parents′ wedding photo which used to stand on her mother′s dresser was not there any more, and that was that. Typically, it was not discussed-a fact that deepened the youngest child′s confusion and sense of abandonment over her father. Never in her whole life would Nancy be quite sure of what had happened to him, but it was obvious that wherever he was, whatever he was doing, he simply would never again come waltzing Matilda up the garden path like he used to do. She would never sit in his lap again. He would never more read her stories. He really wasn’t coming back. Perhaps her mother had received a letter to this effect, or even had known it all along, for although she never definitively told the children that their father had deserted them, nor did she ever give any indication that she feared for his safety.

The clearest sign that something definitive had changed, and that they were not going back to New Zealand as had been briefly discussed, was that just a few months after he disappeared they had to move to the adjoining suburb of Neutral Bay to a far less spacious residence. The reason-she would later find out-was that her beloved father had more or less sold the North Sydney house out from under them. Their ′new′ house, the one that would subsequently be the one of Nancy′s childhood, was the second on the left up leafy Holdsworth Street running roughly parallel to Ben Boyd Road with its backyard running all the way through to Spruson Street. It was a weathered weatherboard house set on the classic Australian ′quarter-acre block′, just a stone′s throw from one of the little sparkling fingers of Sydney Harbour that pushed deeply into the suburb. Typical of the times, it came complete with an outside ′dunny′, and a clothing line of ropes strung between two posts dominating the backyard. As to the house proper, it had a large verandah, a whole rabbit-warren of bedrooms, a tiny kitchen and a ramshackle living room.

Without Nancy′s father there as the breadwinner, things were a lot tighter financially for the whole Wake brood, though with the help of Nancy′s older siblings, who were now earning a wage, and the rent paid by a long-term lodger from Tasmania, the family were just able to make ends meet. There were no second helpings of apple pie, but at least there were plenty of potatoes; no new clothes to speak of for Nancy, but lots of hand-me-downs that served their purpose; no room of your own, but everyone got a bed of some sort, with Nancy quickly taking over the abandoned spot left in the marital bed by her departed father (which would remain her sleeping place for the next ten years of her life). This increased physical closeness with her mother did not transform itself into any kind of emotional closeness. ′There was barely a kiss goodnight,′ says Nancy flatly, ′though I at least remember that for some reason she liked to read to me in bed, which I loved.′

Of the siblings, far and away the biggest contributor to the family′s finances was Nancy′s brother Stanley, good ol′ Stanley! Whatever part of a young girl′s soul that needed a father-like figure to love and cherish had, in all probability, transferred its affections from Nancy′s absent father to this warm-hearted and generous man-placing Stanley in her memory as a secular saint-and she loved him like no other.

′Charles,′ she says of her oldest brother, ′was a scoundrel who would come to a bad end, and I would never really get on with the rest of them, but Stanley was always wonderful to me. He was in the navy . . . ′

This latter part of the 1910-1920 decade was a proud time for anyone to be in military service, at least for those who survived the Great War, as Stanley had. Even though he had seen only a small slice of action, it was still the family′s pride that he had served-and one of Nancy′s first compelling memories was tied up with it. She was six years old, and dressed in the very best hand-me-downs she could muster. As she remembers the episode, the sun had just barely come up and yet there were lots of people gathered in Sydney′s Martin Place with their heads bowed, lots of soldiers standing up ram-rod straight with the butts of their gleaming rifles positioned right by their shining boots, and a minister of the church was intoning something . . . Something about . . . Gallipoli . . . and how . . . all those men who there gave their lives so that we might live in freedom . . . and that . . . they will never be forgotten. Now let us pray . . .

There was a lot more praying, and hymn singing, and sometimes someone standing out the front of those soldiers would start shouting and then all the men in their uniforms would start twirling their rifles around at once before clunking them all down at once and then the man would shout some more and then they would do it again . . . And the whole thing was ever so exciting!

And sad. For even through her amazement at so much colour and movement all at once, she knew enough to realise that something terrible had happened just a little while before, some kind of army action where as many as ten thousand Australian and New Zealand soldiers had died in some place called ′Gliply′ or something. Well, she was both an Australian and a New Zealander, so it all seemed doubly important. And anyway they had sacrificed their lives for the good of their nations and everyone still living should always give thanks on this day that they had done so. Nancy′s family certainly did.

Having attended the first dawn Anzac Ceremony at Martin Place, the family attended every one thereafter, always giving thanks that those men had so bravely given their lives, and more particularly that the life of her own beloved brother Stan had been spared. Year by year, as the growing Nancy stood smack-bang in the middle of the sometimes weeping crowd, she would come to learn and understand more about Gallipoli; appreciate just why so very many floral wreaths were being laid; and be enormously impressed by such bravery and sacrifice for the country.

Never did it occur to young Nancy, nor to her friends, nor to the adult world around her, that they might question why so many young Australians and New Zealanders should have died in a foreign land essentially to serve the interests of faraway Britain. That was just the way things were back then. As a matter of fact, during that first Anzac Day ceremony that Nancy had attended, the Governor of New South Wales had read a message from the King, which had created quite a stir. (The King himself! Sending us a message!)

′Tell my people of Australia,′ the Governor had intoned through the morning mist, ′that today I am joining with them in their solemn tribute to the memorial of their heroes who died in Gallipoli.

′They gave their lives for a supreme cause in gallant comradeship with the rest of my sailors and soldiers who fought and died with them. Their value and fortitude have shed fresh lustre on the British coat of arms. May those who mourn their loss find comfort in the conviction that they did not die in vain, but that their sacrifice has drawn our peoples more closely together, and added strength and glory to the Empire.′1

Before the Great War in which those men had died, the soon-to-be Australian Prime Minister Andrew Fisher had declared that Australia would fight on Britain′s side ′to the last man and the last shilling′, and had been widely acclaimed for it. Britain was the mother country, Australia and New Zealand her proud and strapping sons ready to do their bit to defend her.

′That,′ says Nancy, ′was simply the way it was. I was brought up in a family where, although we were from New Zealand and living in Australia, we were “of” Great Britain, and we were loyal to whoever was on the throne. It was never something you questioned.′

Back in Holdsworth Street, life went on. Nancy′s older siblings never seemed to talk about the absence of their father one way or another, and simply got on with their lives. Their mother, meanwhile, would never quite recover from the humiliation of her husband leaving her-it is possible she had some kind of nervous breakdown at one point under the terrible strain of it all-but at least she seemed to draw great strength from devoting tremendous energy to reading her Bible. Ever and always. When Nancy got up in the morning, her mother would be sitting there in the corner reading and reciting passages. At noon the same. In the late afternoon she′d still be at it and on into the evening. Even when Ella Wake wasn′t reading her Bible, she was quoting vast slabs from memory, back and forth, forth and back. ′And Moses said come forth′, always with an admonitory finger to show what God had in store for those who did not follow His way, by which, it often seemed to her youngest, she meant specifically Nancy.

Perhaps it was merely childhood perception, but it always seemed to Nancy that just as her father had always had a special place in his heart for her, her mother had no place at all and was always promising that the eternal damnation of God would come down upon her, and she would be cast into the flames of Hell.

′My mother used to tell me,′ Nancy recalls, ′that God would punish me if I didn’t pray to Him every night and fear Him, but I just couldn’t bring myself to do it. She was never physically cruel to me or beat me or anything like that, but she gave me no affection, no affection at all. I am convinced she hated to even look at me, and I also suspect that I was an unwanted child by her-that my father came home late one night and had his way, but that she never wanted more children. She used to tell me that my eyebrows were too thick and too close together, that I was ugly, and that maybe that was part of God′s punishment for me, but there would no doubt be a lot more punishment to come. I literally lived in fear of God and what he would do to me.′ To her childish fancy, it seemed every crack of lightning, every roll of thunder was just a harbinger of what Hell had in store for her. Not for her next sister up, Ruby, or the one up again, Hazel, or any of the boys, just her. God-big as a steam train and coming right at her.

Partly in an effort to forestall this dreadful collision of God′s will and her own manifest naughtiness and unworthiness, Nancy worked as hard as she could in the home.

′Even from an early age,′ she says, ′I would cook, put the washing out before I went to school, bring it in after I came home, sweep the kitchen, the verandah, and make the beds. I did everything because my mother was useless and she told me God would get me if I didn′t.′

Childish fancy or not, Nancy′s perception of those very early days in Neutral Bay is that she had only three true friends-the galah, the cat and the dog.

′They were my friends and I used to talk to them,′ she remembers. ′I couldn’t really play with my sisters, because there was such a big age gap between me and them-and besides which most of my siblings had started to move out of home from when I was about six- so that was all I was left with.′

Clearly, not everyone in the world was so ill-used. Some people, she could see, were very well looked after. Like that nice Mrs King, living across the street in the house with all the jacaranda trees. She was getting very, very fat indeed, now that she was in something called ′the pudding club′, going to have a baby, and there was always a lot of fuss made about her, everyone looking after her all the time and asking if there was anything they could do to help her. That looked very, very nice indeed.

′How are you this morning, Mrs King? Now you look after yourself . . . ′

′Everything okay, Mrs King? Can I help you with your shopping bags?′

′Cheerio, Mrs King! You go inside now and have a nice cup of tea and a lie-down, okay?′

Okay. All of that looked very nice indeed and . . .

And on this morning the young Nancy pulled the thin woollen blanket up around her chin and declared that she wouldn’t get up to go to school. Wouldn′t. Wouldn′t. Wouldn′t. Told her mother she was simply too sick, felt absolutely terrible, and she simply must stay in bed until the doctor came. The doctor did come, kindly Dr Studdie. He turned up in his horse and cart, tethered the beast to the tree across the road, and was ushered to Nancy′s bedside.

′Now, Nancy,′ the doctor said, as he opened his bag and got out his stethoscope. ′What seems to be the problem?′

′Do you promise you won′t tell Mummy?′

′That depends, but I promise you can trust me.′

′I′m going to have a baby,′ she whispered gravely. With which, she pulled the bedclothes covering her torso downwards, to reveal the enormous lump on her belly, clearly visible beneath her jim-jams. The doctor paused, looked down at her, and gently proffered the next question.

′What makes you think you are going to have a baby, Nance?′

No answer.

′What makes you think you are going to have a baby, Nance?′

Still no answer. Gently, gently then, the doctor continued his examination of her distended belly, and quickly formed his considered professional diagnosis. She wasn’t going to have a baby at all, but she did have a cushion tucked away beneath her pyjama top. This doctor of compassion, though he would certainly have had a right to some irritation for her having so wasted his time, simply laughed lightly and asked her why she had done such a thing.

′Well Mrs King′s got a big tummy,′ Nancy replied unhappily, ′and she′s going to have a baby and everyone is nice to her, so I want one too. Please don′t tell Mumma.′

Amazingly, Dr Studdie didn’t-or at least Nancy never got into trouble from her mother for the ruse, which makes her think that he kept his promise. After the doctor told her that she shouldn’t do such things and that he was sure things would turn out all right, he encouraged her to get up, get dressed, and he would drop her off to school himself. What he told Mrs Wake is unknown, but Nancy would ever afterwards appreciate the fact that he had never betrayed her.

′I think,′ Nancy says, ′Dr Studdie knew that I was an unhappy little child and that all I needed was a little kindness.′

Others might have detected the same. In Holdsworth Street, the butcher used to come twice a week on Tuesday and Friday afternoons, also with a horse and cart, and he was always happy for Nancy to sit up beside him as he completed his rounds to his customers, chatting away as they went, allowing her to sometimes hold the reins and say giddup, giddup, to the plodding beast that made the gravel-crunching wheels of the cart slowly turn.

′I′d go all over Neutral Bay and sometimes have to walk a long way back,′ Nancy remembers, ′but was happy just to do anything to get a ride with the horse and cart and be able to have a good talk with him. He was a lovely old bloke, Mr Van Den Burg, with a great big straw hat, and I′m sure we looked quite the pair. I got on with all the visiting tradespeople like that-the ice-man, milkos, rabbitohs and so on-and they were all lovely. They looked after me, they were absolutely wonderful to me.′

For all that, it was not as if Nancy grew up entirely without other children to rouse about with. Far from it. In her street she ran with a pack of five others-three boys and two girls-who would spend lots of time together playing such things as hop-scotch and marbles out and about on the footpaths and in each other′s backyards. They would often congregate beneath the Beal′s house which stood on stilts next to the Wake residence. This would happen most particularly during the summer holidays when it was hot and steamy outside. Under the house the cool earth and welcome shade provided not only great relief, but also a good hiding place from parents who all too often would be wanting them to do their chores.

′Then when we wanted to spend a penny,′ Nancy says, ′we couldn′t go to the lavatory because they′d see us, so we used to have a wee-wee down there, and then one of us, Adeline Beal, decided we′d have a peeing match and the boys won. Then I said “Oh it′s not fair, you′ve got a little thing we don′t have, you′ve got to take a handicap”; so we handicapped them-the boys having to stand further back behind the line in the sand-and they never won another time.′

Such activities, while fine fun for a time, are locked in Nancy′s memory as no more than sometimes happy diversions from what was generally an unhappy time for her. Mostly, she says, she simply didn′t feel a part of the family at all. Nor did she actually feel like she was meant to live and grow up in the archly conservative territory of the lower North Shore of Sydney. Lennie Lower wrote of the nearby suburb of Chatswood at around this time, as a place ′where respectability stalks abroad, adorned with starched linen and surrounded by mortgages′.2

There was, in short, a particularly hazy, lazy kind of lassitude in the air which, for whatever reason, was not pleasing to Nancy′s natural spirit. All through her childhood, there seemed to be a pervasively stifling sense of stuffiness, at least for her. Others around her didn’t necessarily feel it, but she did. As she recalls, it was a little like being in a small room on a summer′s day with the windows closed, longing to be outside where the air was fresh, flowers of colour grew, and where she could breathe. Hell, she sometimes thought in a supremely unladylike fashion, that she′d actually rather be outside in a full-blown storm than inside where all was so damn still and unmoving.

In sum, from a very young age, the urge to be elsewhere was always very strong in Nancy Wake. Specifically, she wanted to go to New York, London and Paris, the three cities that seemed to be most often mentioned in the same breath as ′glamour′. Whenever she could, Nancy would bury herself in the magazines that her sisters sometimes left around, hoping to find articles or photos about these cities, as she conjured up what it would be like to one day make landfall in such places. Helping to sustain this fertile imagination was a great love of reading generally, and two books in particular:

′I loved Anne of Green Gables, and its sequel Anne of the Island,′ Nancy recalls. ′Loved them, loved them, loved them. I wouldn’t say those books were as big an influence on me as the Bible was on my mother, but in a way they were my own sort of Bible.′

The series of ′Anne′ books was written in the early twentieth century by Lucy Maud Montgomery, and detailed the adventures of a fiery and adventurous red-haired orphan girl called Anne Shirley who ends up on Prince Edward Island off the east coast of Canada. She grows up in a house called Green Gables, and from there goes full tilt at everything to launch herself on the world! Montgomery described her as ′a young girl who speaks her mind, often to her detriment′. Anne was forthright, feisty and fun, and though born into difficult circumstances which among other things included doing all the housework, went on to live a marvellous childhood. One of its features was that the adults in Anne′s wonderful world-Marilla and Matthew who took her in-need her just as much as she needs them, and weren’t remote omnipotent adults at all but deeply involved with her. Such bliss!

In Anne of the Island, the heroine flies entirely in the face of conventional behaviour for a young woman of her generation. Instead of immediately getting married and raising children, Anne leaves the home of her foster parents and goes away to university. Great romance follows, with wonderful times by the bucket-load. Which is more or less what Nancy always planned to do, though she was ever conscious that with a starting point as far away as Australia, her own ticket to ride was always going to cost a lot more than Anne′s ever did. So, ever since she was a littlie, she′d set about saving it up. At the age of about eight, she started to look around for ways of raising capital.

One day while wandering past the local greengrocer, Creeneys up on Military Road, she noticed he was selling chokos, not at all unlike the chokos her mother grew on the fence in their own backyard.

′How much are the chokos?′ she casually enquired of the grocer.

′Threepence.′

′My mother is very poor, and we have a choko vine, lovely chokos. If I bring you some will you give me a penny?′

The grocer looked her up and down, wondering if this young girl was on the up and up, but decided in the end that it didn′t really matter-if she could deliver-and nodded assent. The next day, he had a bucket of chokos and Nancy could hear the delicious jingle of silver coins in her pocket for the first time. No more trying to live off brass razoos! This all worked extremely well for a few months, until one day when her mother was passing by the same grocery store and, noting the excellence of the chokos, commented on them to the proprietor.

′Yes,′ replied the grocer, beaming. ′It′s a dear little girl, her mother is very poor and she grows them in the backyard and brings them to us for extra money.′

And that, of course, was the end of Nancy′s choko venture.

But by this time she had the bug. Encouraged by the success of this entrepreneurial venture, Nancy tried another one. Overhearing a conversation between her mother and her oldest sister Gladys to the effect that the eggs at the grocer′s were often far from fresh, and it would be worth paying extra to get freshly laid ones, the sudden light of inspiration went on in Nancy′s head. Shortly thereafter, she went to her mother and said she would be happy to organise the buying of the eggs from Mrs Breckenbridge who lived on the other side of Spruson Street, if her mother would give her the money. Her mother agreed, and gave her the money. That was one more chore for Nancy, one less for her, and that was fine. Nancy meanwhile went up to the grocer′s, who by this time had become her friend, and carefully selected the eggs that still had feathers and chook poo attached to them-the ones that most looked like they were freshly laid. She bought them, took them back to her mother on the assurance that they were freshly laid from Mrs Breckenbridge′s backyard, and pocketed the difference.

The scheme could only work of course on the reckoning that Mother Wake and Mrs Breckenbridge would never chat about the eggs and compare notes, but on that count Nancy had little doubt. Her mother didn′t have a social bone in her body, and would have crossed the street to avoid having even minor pleasantries with a neighbour who was known to be not just a smoker, but also (sniff) to frequent public bars! Nancy knew that Mrs Breckenbridge may as well have spoken Swahili for all the chance that she would ever have a meaningful conversation with her mother.

′The whole thing,′ Nancy says, ′taught me a lesson. Presentation is very important.′

Yet another way that Nancy found to raise regular money came via her sister-Hazel, she of the frizzy fair hair and even frizzier nature. Frequently, while Mrs Wake went off shopping or the like, Hazel would be given quasi baby-sitting duties over her young sister, with strict instructions not to let Nancy out of her sight. Hazel always had other ideas, wanting to use the time to be with her boyfriend on her own, while her mother was out of the picture.

′So,′ Nancy remembers, ′Hazel would take me for a walk with her boyfriend and they would give me threepence to get rid of me because they wanted to be off courting together. She′d dump me anywhere and I′d go to the beach at Manly or somewhere, it didn’t worry me. They could court-I didn’t give a damn. It was threepence every time!′

Finally helping to extend her tiny income was money from another source . . . ′I used to steal from my mother,′ Nancy recalls without remorse. ′If she had given me threepence a week I would not have done it, but she didn’t give me a cracker.′

All up, it started to add up to a tidy sum in her special Commonwealth Bank moneybox which she kept under her bed, getting close to the magical sum she was after-one pound. With one pound, she knew, she would be able to open a formal savings account at the Commonwealth Bank itself, attracting interest and everything! Once that account was opened, she felt she′d already have one foot on the gangplank leading onto one of those luxury liners she often spied on Sydney Harbour, one that would take her away to New York, London and Paris. On misty mornings when she might be sweeping the back verandah, she could even hear their massive foghorns blaring warning to each other or to passing ferries, and she would dream of the day when she would be on one, taking her leave. Certainly, she would have had the one pound a lot quicker had she not occasionally spent some of her money getting milkshakes and ice-creams from ′Tony the Greek′, who ran the milk bar near the fire station. And then there were those amazing rides at passing travelling fairs-she loved those rides-but still, month by month, that ol′ moneybox got heavier. Then, alas, disaster.

One Sunday, the whole family, bar the eldest brother Charles, went on a day trip on a big choofing steam train to the sparkling seaside town of Woy Woy. It was a rare treat for Nancy, and she remembers the unbridled joy with which she saw all the gum trees and water passing backwards in the sunshine. But when they got back that evening Nancy got a nasty, jolting surprise.

′My moneybox was empty,′ she recalls, ′just lying there discarded on the floor!′ Obviously, her brother Charles had simply helped himself to the money and had probably already spent it with his mates at the pub. Nancy can vaguely remember crying as if her heart would break, and more clearly recalls her blessed second eldest brother Stanley Herbert Kitchener Wake furiously fighting Charles in the backyard, either in an effort to punish him or to get him to give it back, she can′t recollect.

′But I do remember,′ she says, ′feeling very glad that Stan was sticking up for me, and sorry that I wasn′t strong enough to have a whack myself, because I was very, very angry.′

If that frustrating feeling of powerlessness in the face of injustice was one she would come to know again at a later point in life, so too would another episode have echoes in another age. It occurred while she was in Year 4 at Neutral Bay Intermediate, her primary school, which was up the hill on the corner of Ben Boyd Road and Yeo Street.

Jenny, one of her best friends, told her a rhyme that made her nearly split her sides with laughter, the essence of which was: ′Isn’t it funny to see a little bunny/ waiting for her Mummy to come and wipe her bummy′. Nancy wrote it down, the better to memorise it, and left it in the pocket of the same school tunic that her mother came across that night. When Mrs Wake discovered the ribald rhyme she informed the ten-year-old Nancy that she was more certain than ever that she′d be going straight to Hell, and did something else besides. That is, she took Nancy by the ear the following morning to her teacher and demanded that she be roundly punished. The teacher set out to do just that, and in the face of such twin fury from parent and teacher, Nancy panicked and crumpled.

′I pointed at the dear friend who had taught me the poem in the first place and tried to deflect the blame on to her.′

The result was that both girls were punished severely. It put a serious strain on the friendship between the two-the other girl quite rightly feeling betrayed-and caused the completely devastated Nancy to make a vow to herself.

′I swore,′ she recalls, ′that no matter what, no matter what, I would never dob anyone in again.′

And she meant it too. The look in the eyes of Jenny, the friend betrayed, would stay with Nancy for a long time to come.

Another friend from those days was Barbara Bowering, who lived just around in Cranbrook Avenue. The two often sat together in class, and played together in the playground. Even eighty years on, Barbara would remember Nancy well.

′She was a great and very loyal friend,′ she says, ′who was very clever at everything. I think in some ways she was too clever for most people, but if I was ever up the front of the class with the teacher asking me questions Nancy always mouthed to me the answers. What I most remember about her was how protective she was. I was probably a lot smaller than most of the kids in my class, but Nancy was always there. She absolutely hated teasing and bullying, and she had no fear of boys or teachers.

′We had a teacher called Fanny Menlove, and I remember once when she was out of the room Nancy went up to the blackboard and wrote it backward-Menlove Fanny-and we all fell around laughing. She got into big trouble, but she didn′t seem to mind. She had no fear.′

And this, as it happened, was a point of pride with Nancy. For if what had most appalled her about the dobbing-in Jenny episode was that she had lacked moral courage-even if at that age she didn’t have the words to describe it-there was no doubt that the youngest of the Wake brood had ample physical courage. She always maintained that she was every bit as brave as the boys, and was always happy to prove it. On one occasion, when she was about seven, Stanley was back on leave from the navy and playfully dared her to jump off the roof, never thinking she actually would . . .

This time, the trip by Dr Studdie was worthwhile, because he actually had some genuine injuries to look at. Abrasions, bruises, an extremely sore little girl, but happily no broken leg. Why had Nancy jumped he had enquired.

′Because he dared me,′ Nancy says simply, ′and I always took up a dare. I never allowed myself to dwell on the possible consequences of taking up a dare-because that way, I knew I might be scared off-so I usually just did it.′

From Neutral Bay Intermediate, Nancy went to her secondary education at North Sydney Girls Domestic Science School, also up the hill from where she lived. As a matter of fact, just about everything in her young life was ′up the hill′, as her home on Holdsworth Street was situated at the bottom of a small natural valley. This at least made for the formation of very strong legs on her part. One or two of the other girls were lucky enough to get dropped off in cars, but the Wakes didn’t even know anyone who had a car, let alone dream of having one themselves.

A high-spirited girl such as young Nancy attending such a rigorously disciplined establishment was not necessarily a match made in heaven. For this was a school which did not aim merely to turn out educated adults, as some did, nor simply young ladies, as did some other girls′ schools. This school was specifically devoted to turning out wives and mothers of conspicuous excellence, young women trained up to a sophisticated subservience to their men which would see such men prosper throughout their lives. Together with the standard subjects of mathematics, English and science, there was also a whole slew of special subjects including cooking, home decorating and needlework. It simply wasn’t Nancy′s cup of tea-tea which, incidentally, should be made by pouring the boiling water into a pot that had been pre-heated, and served with the jug of milk and sugar always moving around the table together. Remember girls, because it′s important.

Whatever. Nancy knew she was never going to turn into one of those rich married women who really cared about such things, but her preferences were irrelevant. As with so many other things, she felt she had no choice in the matter. Until school was over, she simply had to put up with it. In the meantime she at least took pleasure in subjects such as English and geography, where she could pursue both her passion for reading and for dreaming about other parts of the world that she felt sure she would one day visit.

If her thoughts were often far away as she fantasised about adventures in distant lands, she was not, in herself, one who escaped attention, for the scrawny black-stockinged tomboy schoolgirl who had been such a familiar figure around Neutral Bay-the same one who had been gravely informed by her mother that she was ugly as a punishment from God (for sins unknown)-had by the time of her mid-teens blossomed into an extremely beautiful young woman. With a perfectly symmetrical oval face set off by long brunette hair, and a handsomely curvaceous silhouette from there, she may not have been at all well-versed in the ways of the opposite sex, yet she was aware that they were attracted to her . . .

′I knew,′ she says, ′by the way they would hover around and try to get me talking, but I was very naive about all that sort of stuff, and really had no interest.′

Besides which, at the absolute insistence of her mother who had always taken her to church every Sabbath, at the age of fourteen she had become a Sunday school teacher at St Augustine, Neutral Bay, and it was conduct unbecoming to be running around with boys like that, as had her sisters.

Admittedly, she wasn′t a great Sunday school teacher, but she found she at least loved singing hymns with the kids, such as ′Jesus Loves Me This I Know′ and ′Onward Christian Soldiers′. Nor was she a particularly great teller of parables and stories from the Bible, as she was meant to be, far preferring to tell the kids stories from films she might have seen the night before at the Cremorne Orpheum. But one way or another, neither she nor Reverend Mr Pearce could help noticing that her classes became very popular, meaning he was happy and so was she!

′The film that affected me most back then,′ she says, ′was The Sheik of Araby with Ramon Novarro, and I used to absolutely love the song of that name, which I would often sing to myself and even the Sunday school kids: “Well I′m the Sheik of Araby/ Your love belongs to me/ Well at night when you′re asleep,/ Into your tent I′ll creep./ The stars that shine above/ Will light our way to love./ You′ll rule this world with me,/ I′m the Sheik of Araby.”′

While Nancy′s Sunday school involvement pleased her mother, it remained about the only thing that did, for just about everything else Nancy did seemed to irritate Mrs Wake, and to avoid the constant clashing on the weekend, the young woman would let her independent spirit have its head and leave the house as often as possible to find amusement elsewhere in the city. Anything, anything to get out of a house that her mother liked to keep with the windows closed, the blinds drawn and the lace curtains pulled together-a house that often seemed to be suffocating for lack of air. No matter how hard and often Nancy cleaned the place, it always seemed to have the stale smell of boiled cabbage about it, of dirty laundry, of air that for too long had not seen sunlight.

Often she would walk the couple of miles it took to go down to the scenic North Sydney baths nestled right on Sydney Harbour and do a few laps, just as she would also occasionally get the ferry from Neutral Bay wharf across to Rose Bay and then make her way to Bondi Beach, where she would participate in the new rage of body-surfing. Sometimes she would go with friends, sometimes alone, it didn’t really matter. She just loved the thrill of swimming hard with a wave and then that wonderful whooooooosh as it broke beneath her and swept her to the shore.

When she felt like sticking closer to home, she would make a trip to Taronga Park Zoo in the nearby suburb of Mosman, where she always found herself drawn to the sleek powerful tigers, or go down to the delightful Balmoral Beach, where she could sashay along the Esplanade, or sit ′neath the shade of the huge Moreton Bay figs and watch others do the same. Hers was not a classically happy childhood by any means-the early abandonment by her father and ongoing cold relationship with her mother always meant it was out of kilter-but it was manageable, and she was able to get through by nourishing the constant hope that things would get better for her. Just as Anne of Green Gables had discovered, Nancy sensed that there was a world beyond her immediate experience, a wonderful world just waiting to be discovered.

War hero Nancy Wake's ashes scattered in France. Nancy received an Order of Australia in 2004. - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)

War hero Nancy Wake’s ashes scattered in France. Nancy received an Order of Australia in 2004. – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)

Peter Fitzsimons 

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  • Ravan

    I seem to recall Nancy Wake, as an old woman, being ‘interviewed’ by an Australian, half-witted, slack-jawed, female germalist about whether Nancy personally shot a pretty French, female traitor and informer when none of the men would do it. “Did you regret doing that?” the half-wit tut-tuttered. (Or words to that effect.) Nancy sunk back on her seat, eye-balled slack jaw, took her time, and said firmly something like: “Why should I? She endangered the lives of many of our men. She was a traitor.” In any case if these were Nancy’s words or not—the message is the same: Without courageous MEN ( and some extraordinary women)–we have little or no freedom. The next generation of Europeans and Americans are now waking up to the fact.

    • OneTrack

      Are you sure the Europeans and Americans are waking up? The polls still seem to be saying more-of-the-same Clinton and Merkel are still ahead.

      • Ravan

        I refer to generation Y (Millennials)– made almost permanently jobless and homeless— many, displaced by ‘immigrants’ and ‘affirmative action.’ Bashed up, raped, threatened, terrorised, out bred, robbed. They were born after the smug, gluttonous, rebellious, spoilt, perverted, selfish generation X. Please look at ‘Generation identitaire’ youtube/ Britain First’s activities/PEGIDA– Patriotic Europeans against the islamification’ (State sanctioned invasion) of the Occident (Western Europe.) Pegida groups exist in Canada/USA. Angela Kazmierczak(Kasner) Sauer Merkel had a Polish grandfather–a 1972 photo shows Merkel in a military or communist uniform–see: beforeitsnews. Generation Y or even Z know they live in a Police State. You will find wakeupkiwi or wakeupnewzealand highly informative. As for ‘the polls’….well….!!!!!!!

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