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Mobster Bugsy Siegel's mistress Virginia Hill. She was conveniently not at her home in Beverly Hills when Siegel was shot dead on June 20, 1947.

Mobster Bugsy Siegel’s mistress Virginia Hill. She was conveniently not at her home in Beverly Hills when Siegel was shot dead on June 20, 1947.

Bugsy & His Flamingo

The Testimony of Virginia Hill



SENATOR TOBEY: “But why would Joe Epstein give you all that money, Miss Hill?”


WITNESS: “You really want to know?”


SENATOR TOBEY: “Yes, I really want to know.”


WITNESS: “Then I’ll tell you why. Because I’m the best {expletive} sucker in town!”


SENATOR KEFAUVER: “Order! I demand order!”

–Excerpt from Virginia Hill’s testimony in front of the Senate Special Committee to Investigate Organized Crime in Interstate Gambling.

In the beginning of the 50’s, United States seeked to expose and bring into public attention the growing issue of organized crime at that time.

It started on April 1950, when a dead body of a gambling kingpin from Kansas City was found in a Democratic clubhouse. That assassination raised concerns about the growth of organized crime and its involvement with politics. The need for an investigation committee concerning this issue was discovered, and on May 3, 1950, the Senate created an investigation committee of 5 members, lead by a Democratic Senator from Tennessee, Estes Kefauver.

In its 15 months of hearings, the committee, investigating corruption, crime syndicates and illegal activities, visited several large cities, in which TV broadcasts were interrupted to bring the work of the committee to the attention of the public. The most notable hearing was when the committee reached Broadway, New York, to interview Frank Costello. An estimated number of 30 million watched or listened to the hearings.

In Illinois, the Committee helped to expose a Chicago Police scandal, which later brought down the Senate career of Scott Lucas, a Democratic Majority Leader.

The completion of the hearings signaled the Senate to implement some suggestions about how to better tighten the laws concerning the prevention of corruption and organized crime. It caused the FBI to stop denying the existence of the underworld.

On March 24, 1966, passersby walking on a footpath beside a picturesque brook near Salzburg, Austria, found the body of a woman in the snow beside a tree. Her coat was neatly folded on the ground. A possible suicide note indicated the person was simply “tired of life.”

The woman was Virginia Hill, the onetime so-called “Queen of the Mob,” a courtesan and entrusted cash courier for household-name American gangsters from the mid-1930s through the 1940s. An Austrian official concluded the 49-year-old Virginia died of a self-administered overdose of sedatives, not a surprise given her history of near-fatal pill-swallowing going back to the 1940s.

Hill, born in 1916, was surely someone with mental health problems, perhaps diagnosed today as bipolar, sociopathic, borderline personality or worse. But while still only a teenager in 1934, she showed her mettle as the beautiful and beguiling redheaded apprentice of Mob bookmaker Joe Epstein in the rough and corrupt city of Chicago. Soon, with incredible ease, using her looks, sexual liaisons and talents for laundering money and stolen merchandise, Hill rose higher than any other woman in the national underworld, an equal among the most infamous male racketeers in the United States, among them Meyer Lansky, Joe Adonis, Frank Costello, Johnny Rosselli, Charles and Joe Fischetti, Tony Accardo, Frank Nitti, William “Ice Pick Willie” Alderman, Jack Dragna and, most famously, Benjamin “Bugsy” Siegel.

Hill is best known for her relationship with Siegel, a stormy and sex-charged union of two professional criminals, experts in money laundering, gambling, intimidation, fraud and, later, Mexican narcotics. The two, both at times irrational, started seeing each other as early as 1937 in New York and resumed their affair full bore at actor George Raft’s Hollywood home in 1939. To the still-married Siegel, Hill was his ideal woman in all respects. Their intense pairing on the West Coast ironically fused the interests of rival Mob factions – Siegel’s ties to New York boss Charles “Lucky” Luciano, who used Siegel to gain a foothold in the West’s race wire and gambling rackets, and Hill’s association with the Chicago Outfit’s Charles Fischetti and Fischetti’s Los Angeles boss, Jack Dragna, who liked to hear her tell what Siegel was up to.

Dragna, who detested Siegel, was said to have once remarked that Hill “was the only woman who could be trusted to keep her mouth shut.” Hill’s longtime financial provider, Epstein, who would be unusually dedicated to her for decades, reportedly confided to Lansky: “Once that girl is under your skin, it’s like a cancer. It’s incurable.”

Virginia Hill was born in Bessemer, Alabama on August 26, 1917, one of ten children born to a drunken marble carver and mule salesmen. At the age of 17 she left home and moved to Chicago to find work in the Century of Progress Exhibition in 1933. She worked at a variety of jobs, but eventually ended up as a street hooker, turning tricks for a few dollars. Thanks to her voluptuous body and excellent skills as a lover, word got around and she quickly got a job as a call girl working at the Colony Club, a restaurant run by the Chicago mafia. Virginia eventually fell under the command of Charlie and Joe Fischetti, who were heading up the mob’s prostitution rackets at the time. Realizing her business acumen, they offered to put her in charge of several brothels, but Virginia turned them down. She said she had higher aspirations.

It was at the Colony Club where Virginia met Joe Epstein, the chief money launderer for the Chicago Outfit. One of his tried-and-true methods for transporting and disposing of dirty money was to use classy-looking women that wouldn’t arouse suspicions from authorities. After being furnished with the finest clothes and a new hairstyle, Virginia Hill became his mistress and one of his top couriers. She began to travel from city to city, collecting the gang’s money. She then took the money to racetracks, where she was directed to bet on races where the winner had already been determined. She took her “clean” winnings back to Chicago, then off to banks in Switzerland.

In her travels across the country, Virginia had affairs with countless mob bosses, including Moe Dalitz, the boss of Detroit, Joe Adonis in New York, and Tony Accardo, one of the top men in Chicago. Thanks to her intimate connections with so many bosses, the Chicago Outfit used her to spy on the business dealings of their organized crime partners around the country. Virginia was well compensated for her services, owning several large houses across the country. In New York she encouraged the rumor that she was, in fact, a young oil heiress from Georgia.

While in New York, Virginia became grist for the local society pages and gossip columnists, who regularly reported on her legendary parties. In 1941 the New York Journal-American called her a “Manhattan glamour girl” and declared that she had the most fur coats of any woman in the country. It turns out that Virginia was supplementing her income by selling “hot” fur coats and diamonds to her high society girlfriends. Many of these coats had been given to mob bookies by their high society husbands in order to pay off their gambling debts.

It was also during this time period that Bugsy Siegel was making a name for himself as one of the top mob hitmen in New York. Known for his quick temper and borderline pathological outbursts, Siegel also had a voracious sexual appetite. This all inevitably led to him crossing paths with Virginia Hill. Virginia’s fiery temper matched his slug for slug. The pair would be known for their furious fights, after which the regularly bruised Hill would attempt suicide by overdosing on medication. The fights were also ended by rounds of explosive makeup sex.

In April of 1947, Bugsy and Virginia were married in Mexico. They moved to Las Vegas where Bugsy ran the Flamingo hotel and casino, which was built thanks to loans from mob bosses in Chicago and New York. Even though they were married, both still carried on numerous affairs with people around the country and Bugsy’s abuse of Virginia continued to grow. The fact that the Flamingo was hemorrhaging money and that he was beating on their courier/head spy/golden girl Virginia Hill, did not make Bugsy very popular in the eyes of the Chicago Outfit and the other bosses back east. Finally, after a particularly brutal beating where Virginia still had bruises weeks later and tried to kill herself again, her ex-lover and Detroit boss Moe Dalitz put out a hit on Bugsy. While Virginia was in Europe recuperating from her latest bout, Bugsy was shot four times with a .30-.30 carbine rifle, twice in the face.

When she came back to the United States, Virginia moved to Hollywood in order to become an actress. While she certainly had the looks, she never received a movie role. However she did manage to have an affair with the Chicago mob’s Hollywood liaison, Johnny Rosselli.

In early 1950, she traveled to the popular ski resort of Sun Valley, Idaho. There she met a ski instructor named Hans Hauser, a former world champion downhill skier from Austria. Hauser’s friend and fellow ski teacher Otto Lang described Hill as “far from pretty, a bit short and dumpy” who compulsively pulled out her eyelashes “hair by hair.” Soon, Lang wrote, some “shady and ominous characters began to drift in and call Virginia and leave again” without skiing. She accepted deliveries of stacks of $100 and $50 bills and threw some free parties. The FBI came to investigate, and the lodge wanted her to leave. But Hauser told Lang he wanted to marry Hill. Lang advised against it but Hauser and Hill eloped the next morning. They had a son, Peter, on November 20, 1950, in Brighton, Massachusetts.

The following year, the Kefauver Committee subpoenaed Hill, now 34, to appear in New York to testify during nationally televised hearings on organized crime activities. Hill arrived on March 16, several months after giving birth. She entered the Foley Courthouse in a $5,000 mink cape, broad-brimmed hat and silk gloves. Some described her as the “star witness” of the Kefauver hearings.

Hill evaded questions from committee counsel Halley about her organized crime associations. She gave vague answers and artfully lied about the origins of the tens of thousands in cash she had Epstein hold for her in a safe deposit box. The money was from her winnings betting on the horses, she explained. Hill also claimed the “fellas” she knew, including Siegel, simply sent her gifts and money along the way.

“Bought me everything I wanted, when I was with Ben. He paid for everything. And he gave me some money, too, bought me a house in Florida.”

About Siegel and the Flamingo, Hill said she advised him to sell the casino “because it was making him a nervous wreck.”

Halley asked about how she obtained up to $20,000 in the past year, including the $12,000 she spent during her brief stay in Sun Valley.

Hill said she had asked Epstein since 1935 to hold her gambling winnings. He sent some when she needed money and she “never kept track of it.” She also said admitted recently receiving $10,000 cash from friends in Mexico.

Virginia denied, likely on cue from her Mob cohorts, that the infamous men she consorted with were racketeers or gangsters. She also denied being part of the “dirty business” of mobbed-up drug sales in Mexico. But investigator Halley knew otherwise. In 1949, she was identified as assisting in the heroin trade in Mexico with Al Blumenthal, owner of the Los Angeles nightclub Ciro’s, providing the investment cash.

Halley complained to Hill that she had nothing substantial to provide the committee despite having associated with organized criminals for years.

“But I never knew anything about their business,” she said. “They didn’t tell me about their business. Why would they tell me? I didn’t care anything about business in the first place. I don’t even understand it.”

Halley replied: “The reason I ask you is that you seem to have a great deal of ability to handle financial affairs.”

“Who, me?” she asked.

Halley told her “it just seems impossible” that she did not know who Siegel’s associates were at the Flamingo. Hills claimed she mostly stayed upstairs with friends in her hotel room.

“I didn’t ever go out. … In the first place, I had hay fever. I was allergic to the cactus. Every time I went there, I was sick. So I had to take those benadryls, and they would make me feel terrible anyhow. … Ben’s friends, I never even met them or was around them.”

After the committee finally excused her and on the way out of the hearing room Hill spewed obscenities at the press, slugged and floored a female reporter, Marjorie Farnsworth, and covered her face while walking quickly through the corridors. Before climbing into an awaiting cab, she told reporters she hoped an atomic bomb would fall on them.

No matter where she was in the world, she still received a cash pension from Joe Epstein and the Outfit.

Hill and Hans Hauser did not remain in the country for long. Hans overstayed his visa and had to leave. He flew to Chile to teach skiing and brought Peter with him. The IRS was pursuing Mrs. Hauser with vigor. That July, the agency served a $161,000 lien on her for back taxes from 1942 to 1947. In a stopover at the Denver airport, Hill was nearly arrested. She snapped at reporters, “I’d shoot you if I had a gun.”

In August, while the Hausers were in Europe, the IRS auctioned off 800 of Hill’s possessions in Spokane – including two cars, five expensive furs worth $23,000, a ruby and diamond ring from Siegel for their intended wedding in 1947, china and crystal sets, her $30,000 home – from which the IRS netted a mere $41,000.

Now that Hill was in Austria, near Switzerland, some in the States speculated that she had deposited as much as $5 million in Swiss banks for the underworld. U.S. and Interpol agents monitored Hill’s movements. She made 65 border crossings in Europe from 1952 to 1956. She traveled with Epstein in Italy for several days in 1953. The Hausers moved to Klosters, Switzerland, and kept an apartment in Zurich. A grand jury in Los Angeles indicted Hill in 1954 on four counts of tax evasion.

The ever-loyal Epstein sent about $3,000 a month to his patron through the mail and delivered money to her personally in Switzerland. In 1957, she dined with old boyfriend Joe Adonis in Rome and later inquired about returning to the United States. But she faced a $227,000 tax evasion suit in Los Angeles and heard she faced at least a year in prison if convicted.

Hill and her family moved to Austria. By the mid-1960s, she wearily related to people about her wish to commit suicide. In 1965, her husband found her unconscious and took her to a hospital for yet another overdose of sedatives – her seventh – to be pumped from her stomach. She flew to Cuba but officials knew who she was and denied her entry. In 1966, now out of money, even Epstein ignored her pleas for funds. She is said to have spoken by phone to Adonis, then living in Naples, Italy, on March 20. She left her home on March 22. Her body was found two days later. Some maintained that Adonis had his soldiers force feed her drugs to kill her after she tried to extort money from him. Epstein publically admitted he had sent her $100,000 from 1952 to 1965 from her investments, backed by money provided by mobsters, and that her assets had finally run out.

Hans Hauser died from in an apparent suicide in Austria in 1974.

Virginia’s son Peter Jackson Hauser died under strange circumstances in a car accident near Toulouse, France in 1994. He was a decorated Viet Nam veteran. On March 22, 1978 he was arrested on Elba Island, Italy for carrying false papers that identified him as Reinald Lahusen. His true age at the time, was 28. He was carrying brochures about the Baader Meinhof Gang, the left wing German terrorist group. He was released….as a captured army deserter…. to the custody of the US Navy located at the base in Pisa Italy. He is buried between his parents at the Aigen cemetery. There is the possibility that he was working for US Intelligence.

All three family members are buried together in a cemetery in Salzburg, Austria.

Name: Virginia Hill

Born: August 26th, 1916

Gun Moll To: Bugsy Siegel

Weapon Of Choice: Her Body

Greatest Crime: Exceptionally Good Courier. Never caught. Never charged.

Fun Fact: Bugsy referred to Virginia as his Flamingo, a nod of the head to her exceptional oral sex skills and ended up naming The Flamingo Casino after her.

Mob Moll, 1951: Virginia Hill, also known as the "queen of the gangster molls," was the girlfriend of Brooklyn-born mobster Bugsy Siegel. Hill was coincidentally out of town when her beau was slain in her home, and shot through the window with a rifle. Here, the mob moll, who claimed to be in the dark about her lover's criminal connections, testifies at the 1951 Kefauver hearings in an investigation about the extent of organized crime.

Mob Moll, 1951: Virginia Hill, also known as the “queen of the gangster molls,” was the girlfriend of Brooklyn-born mobster Bugsy Siegel. Hill was coincidentally out of town when her beau was slain in her home, and shot through the window with a rifle. Here, the mob moll, who claimed to be in the dark about her lover’s criminal connections, testifies at the Kefauver hearings in an investigation about the extent of organized crime.

Virginia Hill trying to hide from the photographers in her mink coat.

Virginia Hill trying to hide from the photographers in her mink coat.

Bugsy Siegel was a gangster, bootlegger, illegal gambler.

Bugsy Siegel was a gangster, bootlegger, illegal gambler.

Signs of growth: An aerial view of Las Vegas in 1964 shows the city as hotels and casinos start to line the city's roads.

Signs of growth: An aerial view of Las Vegas in 1964 shows the city as hotels and casinos start to line the city’s roads.

Neon Sign Outside Pioneer Club in 1951.

Neon Sign Outside Pioneer Club in 1951.

First glimmer: The main strip in Las Vegas during the golden era hints at its potential for growth. The open expanse reveals the desert backdrop in all its glory and the Dunes Hotel is the only focal point in the foreground.

First glimmer: The main strip in Las Vegas during the golden era hints at its potential for growth. The open expanse reveals the desert backdrop in all its glory and the Dunes Hotel is the only focal point in the foreground.

Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel - Gangster.

Benjamin “Bugsy” Siegel – Gangster.

Hotel bar Flamingo Las Vegas.

Hotel bar Flamingo Las Vegas.

Early 1950's. A vintage postcard depicts the entrance of the Flamingo Hotel flanked by a line of vintage automobiles in the foreground.

Early 1950’s. A vintage postcard depicts the entrance of the Flamingo Hotel flanked by a line of vintage automobiles in the foreground.

Bugsy Siegel was a textbook sociopath and murderer many times over. Ruthless and cold-blooded, remorse was alien to him. As a teen, Siegel’s violent temper and mercurial personality saw friends describe him as “crazy as a bedbug.” Many soon began calling him “Bugsy” or “Bugs,” but the young gangster loathed the nickname and supposedly threatened anyone who used it. In gangster circles, the nickname “Bugsy” is often a term of endearment or honour. It is given out to those racketeers who show no fear.

Siegel was quoted as saying “My friends call me Ben, strangers call me Mr. Siegel, and guys I don’t like call me Bugsy, but not to my face.”

 One of the most tragic underworld figures of his time has to be Benjamin “Bugsy” Siegel. This mobster has long said to be haunting two places that he knew in life… one of them is a place that he loved and the other is a spot where he left a terrified presence behind. “Bugsy,” is one of the many organized crime figures that were responsible for putting Las Vegas on the map and a true psychopath.

Born in Manhattan in 1905, by the time he was 14 he was running his own “mini-gang” on the Lower East side. In was during this time that he met up with Meyer Lansky and started a bootlegging operation that proved successful. By the time Bugsy had reached the tender age of 21 he had acquired himself quite a resume. It boasted such crimes as hijacking, the aforementioned bootlegging, narcotics trafficking, white slavery, rape, burglary, robbery, running numbers, and extortion. No resume of this type would be complete without murder so Bugsy managed to throw in about twelve of those for good measure.

It wasn’t long before the two Jewish mobsters caught the eye of the Mafia and they were recruited by such notable crime figures as Lucky Luciano, Frank Costello, Albert Anastasia, Tommy Luchese and Vito Genovese to form a national crime “syndicate.” He was dispatched from New York in the 1930’s to California to run the “mobs” West Coast operations. It was while in California that “Ben” (nobody would dare call him Bugsy to his face for fear of, well, you can probably guess) got a taste of Hollywood and started hobnobbing with the likes of Jean Harlow, Clark Gable, Gary Cooper and Cary Grant. This was in addition to many other aspiring actresses with whom “Ben” managed to, shall we say, “Keep Company.” Other members of Siegel’s “organization” began to take notice of their partners’ love of the limelight and were generally not pleased. It seems that they liked to conduct their business outside of the public eye.

Just because Siegel was probably a psychopath, it didn’t mean that he couldn’t be charming. He was suave and entertaining and friends with Hollywood celebrities many of them even put money into his enterprises. On one hand, he was the life of the party and on the other, a cold-blooded killer. On occasion, Siegel could be at a party with his “high class friends” and then slip away for a gangland execution, all in the same night.

The mob expected Siegel to arrange to have a killing carried out, not actually do it, but Bugsy couldn’t help himself. Los Angeles District Attorney Arthur Veitch would later describe Siegel as a “cowboy”. He explained that “this is the way that the boys have of describing a man who is not satisfied to frame a murder, but actually has to be in on the kill in person.”

During the 1940’s the syndicate had new plans for Bugsy. They asked him to go out to Las Vegas and scout out the possibility of opening up a hotel and casino, the likes of which had never been seen before (at least here in the States). At first, Bugsy wasn’t too enamoured of the plan since he regarded Vegas as a mere pit stop in the middle of the desert and that nobody in their right mind would make the trip. Upon further consideration (and maybe some “persuasion”) he came on board, and was given a couple of million dollars to get the project going. Unfortunately for him, a couple million wasn’t enough – the figure soon capped at around six million dollars. His “partners” were not pleased.

Siegel was probably the most colourful, and the most charming, of the famous syndicate killers. He was also one of the quickest tempered as well, boasting a manic rage that sometimes boarded on insanity. Regardless, he charmed most everyone that he met, especially in Hollywood, operating as a mob killer at the same time that he was seducing nubile young starlets. Although sent to California to watch over mob interests, many believed that what he really wanted from Hollywood was to be an actor. Some would say that he already was one though, leading a double life that would put many Oscar winners to shame!

Amidst much fanfare and hoopla, the Flamingo Hotel managed to open. He dubbed the place the “Flamingo”, which was the nickname of his mistress, Virginia Hill. At one brief time after the casino opened, Siegel had four of his favourite girlfriends lodged in separate hotel suites. They were Virginia Hill, Countess Dorothy diFrasso, actress Marie McDonald and actress Wendy Barrie, who frequently announced her engagement to Bugsy and never gave up hoping.

Whenever she saw Wendy in the hotel, Virginia Hill would go wild and once she punched the actress so hard in the face that she nearly dislocated her jaw.

Unfortunately, Siegel was a man ahead of his time and dame trouble became the least of his concerns. The syndicate was upset about the $6 million they had invested, as the Flamingo, when it opened, was a financial disaster. Reportedly, the mob demanded that Siegel make good on their losses but what they didn’t know was that Bugsy had also been skimming from the construction funds and from the gambling profits. Virginia Hill had been busy hiding the money in Swiss bank accounts.

It was a disaster. Not long afterward, the syndicate decided that they wanted their money back. They had a sneaking suspicion that Bugsy was profiting off to the side by skimming construction funds and dipping into the gambling revenues. A definite no-no. That’s all it took for them to pass the death sentence for Bugsy at a conference held in Havana in 1946. Reportedly, his life long partner in crime, Meyer Lansky cast the deciding vote.

Bugsy knew he was in deep, deep crapola. He asked (begged?) for some time to turn things around at the Flamingo. His request was granted and by May of 1947 the hotel was actually generating a profit. Bugsy figured he was now in the clear.

The syndicate passed a death sentence on Siegel at the famous Havana conference in December 1946. His old friend, Meyer Lansky, cast the deciding vote. “I had no choice,” he said later. Siegel knew that he was in big trouble but he thought they had given him an extension to get the Flamingo turned around. By May 1947, the casino was making a profit and Bugsy began to relax.

Wrong. On June 20, Siegel was sitting in the living room of Virginia Hill’s Beverly Hills mansion. She was away in Europe at the time. He was reading the newspaper when two steel-jacketed slugs tore through the front window. One of them shattered the bridge of his nose and exited through his left eye, while the other entered his right cheek and blew out the back of his neck. Authorities later found his right eye on the dining room floor, more than 15 feet from his body. Bugsy Siegel was dead before he hit the floor.

Ironically, Siegel even knew that his fellow mobsters had planned the murder in advance. A few months before, construction magnate Del Webb had told Bugsy that he was nervous because of all of the gangsters that were hanging around the Flamingo. Siegel laughed and told him not to worry. “We only kill each other,” he told him. And for Siegel, this was certainly true!

Virginia Hill’s former home, which is a private residence on Linden Drive in Beverly Hills, is reportedly still haunted by the panicked presence of Bugsy Siegel as he scrambles for cover, attempting to hide from the bullets that killed him. His stark fear, as he spotted his killer and knew that the game was up, has left an indelible impression on the house. According to reports, witnesses have been surprised for years by the apparition of a man running and ducking across the living room of the house, only to disappear as suddenly as he came.

As the years have passed, Bugsy’s ghostly energy there may have faded somewhat, but it has been suggested that his actual spirit may not rest in peace either…

After Siegel was assassinated, the mob continued to support the Flamingo Hotel and eventually saw it grow and prosper. They poured millions of dollars into Las Vegas and it became the gambling Mecca that Siegel envisioned in the early 1940’s. And it is at the Flamingo where the spirit of Ben Siegel is said to reside today.

Bugsy is believed to haunt the Presidential Suite of the hotel, where he lived for several years before his death. Guests in this room have reported a number of strange encounters with his ghost, from eerie, moving cold spots to items that vanish and move about the suite. They have also seen his apparition in the bathroom and near the pool table. Those who have encountered him say this spirit does not seem unhappy or distressed and in fact, seems content to still be around. Perhaps he is just happy to see that Las Vegas has turned out the way he had planned after all!


By far the strangest chapter in Siegel’s career unfolded in 1939, when he partnered with a Hollywood socialite named Countess Dorothy di Frasso in a scheme to peddle arms to the fascist Italian government. According to historian Larry Gragg, the deal centered on a newfangled explosive called atomite, which was supposedly more powerful than dynamite. Siegel and the Countess hoped to secure a contract to sell it to dictator Benito Mussolini, but their plan went up in smoke after the atomite failed to impress during a demonstration. Before they left Rome, the pair reportedly crossed paths with Adolf Hitler’s second-in-command, Hermann Göring, who was in town for an audience with Mussolini. Siegel, who was Jewish, would later quip that he wished he had assassinated the high-ranking Nazi when he had the chance.

Benjamin “Bugsy” Siegel – Flamingo Hotel and Casino

Who Killed Bugsy Siegel? – Los Angeles Magazine

“Bugsy” Siegel – PBS

Bugsy Siegel and the Flamingo Hotel | ONE

Bugsy Siegel | Mafia, cosa nostra, gansters

Virginia Hill – The Private Life and Times of Virginia Hill. Virginia Hill …

Dumb Like A Fox Real Virginia Hill Was No Mob Boy Toy – philly …

Virginia Hill: ‘Queen of the Mob’ was no one’s pushover – Mob Museum

The Senator and the Gangsters | History | Smithsonian

Virginia Hill –

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