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The Chappaquiddick Incident

The Kennedy family have somewhat of a reputation, and, quite obviously, not much of a positive one, despite being a, at one time, presidential family in the early 60’s. Over the years certain well-known incidents and tragedies befell the family though; this eventually causing some to believe the family is quite literally cursed in some way – The “Kennedy Curse” as it became known.

Forty-eight years ago on a dark night on a quiet island off Massachusetts, Senator Edward M. “Ted” Kennedy drove his car off a bridge after leaving a party with a young woman, killing her, and forever marring his legacy.

Edward Kennedy, the brother of John F. Kennedy, was a United States Senator who got caught in a scandal involving the death of Mary Jo Kopechne on July 18, 1969. Kopechne was a teacher, secretary, and political campaign specialist to Senator Kennedy’s campaign. The accident occurred on a foggy night and after a night of drinking. Ted was caught in a web of lies and bad decisions that left Kopehcne, a woman who was not his wife, dead.

As with most things Kennedy-related, the incident at Chappaquiddick is one of those things that will always be talked about and analysed, because it involves one of the most fascinating families on the planet. The Kennedy family is used to scandal and gossip surrounding them, but the incident at Chappaquiddick involved the late Ted Kennedy.

Here’s an image of diver John Farrar at the scene of the wreckage. Edgartown, Massachusetts, July 19, 1969. Farrar and divers enter the water as they try to raise the car belonging to Senator Edward Kennedy in which he was seriously injured and his passenger Mary Jo Kopechne was killed Kennedy pleaded guilty to leaving the scene of the accident at Chappaquiddick Bridge.

The death of Senator Edward Kennedy in 2009, marked the end of an era in which the Kennedy family dominated American political life. The youngest of nine children of ambitious parents, Edward’s long and distinguished life of public service was marred by personal difficulties and private tragedy, most notably the assassinations of his two older brothers, Jack (JFK) and Robert. Edward had been particularly close to Robert; when the latter was gunned down in June 1968 during his campaign to secure the Democratic nomination for the presidency, his grief was compounded by the enormous weight of expectation that then fell on his shoulders.

One year later, on the night of July 18 1969, Edward, who shared the family taste for living it up, attended a party on Chappaquiddick Island, just off the exclusive Massachusetts retreat of Martha’s Vineyard. At midnight Edward left the party to drive a fellow guest, 28-year-old Mary Jo Kopechne, to catch the ferry. Driving at speed, Kennedy missed the road and ran off a bridge into a tidal creek. Kennedy escaped from the capsized car but Kopechne drowned in the accident. Although he claimed to have tried to rescue her, Kennedy’s failure to report the incident for over ten hours and the subsequent inquest held in private led to accusations of a cover-up and public outrage that Kennedy had seemed prepared to put his political career ahead of a young woman’s life.

In the summer of 1969, consiglieres of the former John F. Kennedy administration — Robert McNamara, Arthur Schlesinger and Ted Sorensen, among others — convened in Hyannis Port, Mass., to write the apology that would save the young Sen. Ted Kennedy from himself. Only days before, Kennedy had left the scene of a fatal car crash on the small island of Chappaquiddick on Martha’s Vineyard, taking the life of 28-year-old Mary Jo Kopechne.

The second-term senator waited nearly 10 hours to report the accident and offered virtually no explanation other than he “panicked.”

In those conclaves a speech, not unlike the ‘Checkers’ speech, was crafted for him to give on TV, throwing himself on the compassion of the American people to write and call in to keep him on the ticket.

All of the Kennedy acolytes were there. His wife Joan was not allowed downstairs. They didn’t want her to hear it.

The details of the July 19 accident were salacious: a Regatta Weekend reunion party at a friend’s cottage with all married men (except one) and six women — the “boiler room girls” — who had worked together on Robert Kennedy’s 1968 presidential campaign.

After a day of sailing and heavy drinking, Kennedy drove his black Oldsmobile sedan off a small wooden bridge into Poucho Pond, trapping Kopechne in seven feet of water.

Edward Moore Kennedy — only 38 and up for re-election the following year– had violated one of the cardinal rules in politics: “Never get caught with a dead girl or a live boy.”

His route is shown in this image (Note: the time was 11:45 – not 11:5 – I believe that’s a mere typo from the individual who made the image)

On the hot, humid night of July 18, 1969, that Kennedy’s black Oldsmobile hurtled off the bridge, the car’s momentum carrying it 23 feet before it sank upside down in six feet of swirling, dark water. Kennedy somehow got out of the car; Kopechne did not. Kennedy did not report the accident until some nine hours later. Why he did not, and exactly what happened that night has never been adequately explained. And the passage of time has only increased the bitterness of those who feel the truth was hidden.

Some of them have spoken out. “It was a cover-up,” says Leslie Leland, foreman of the grand jury that considered the case. “All [the authorities] were concerned about was protecting Kennedy.”

Kopechne, an attractive, blond 28-year-old, had been at a party with five other young women—all veterans of Robert Kennedy’s 1968 presidential campaign—and Ted Kennedy and five other men. She and Kennedy apparently left some time before midnight. In the written statement he gave to police the next day, Kennedy claimed they had been driving to the ferry that crosses the channel to Edgartown on Martha’s Vineyard when he made a wrong turn off the paved highway and down the dirt road to Dike Bridge.

He said he dived repeatedly to try to save Mary Jo, but then left the scene “exhausted and in a state of shock.” He said he walked the mile and a quarter back to the cottage where the party was still on and “asked for someone” to take him to Edgartown. “When I fully realized what had happened this morning,” he wrote, “I immediately contacted the police.”

Sen. Ted Kennedy’s car is pulled from the water at Edgartown, Mass., July 19, 1969. Mary Jo Kopechne was killed after Kennedy drove his car off Dyke Bridge on Chappaquiddick Island.

Six days later, in a nationally televised speech, Kennedy changed his account. This time he made no mention of asking someone at the party to take him to Edgartown. He said instead that he had taken his friends Joe Gargan and Paul Markham and returned to the bridge. After they too were unable to extricate Kopechne, Kennedy said, they drove him to the ferry dock, where he dived into the channel and swam the 250 yards to Edgartown. “All kinds of scrambled thoughts” went through his mind, he said, including “whether there was some justifiable reason for me to doubt what had happened and to delay my report and whether somehow the awful weight of this incredible incident might in some way pass from my shoulders.”

On the day of the speech, Kennedy had pleaded guilty to leaving the scene of an accident and had received a two-month suspended sentence. After an inquest held the following January, Edgartown District Court Judge James A. Boyle concluded that there was probable cause to believe Kennedy’s negligent driving had “contributed to the death of Mary Jo Kopechne,” but Dukes County District Attorney Edmund S. Dinis chose not to seek the manslaughter indictment that such a finding might have supported.

Kennedy never explained how he could have mistakenly taken a sharp right turn off the island’s only paved road onto a dirt road. Nor why he walked past four houses without bothering to call for help. Nor why he put on dry clothes and exchanged pleasantries with the desk clerk at his hotel in Edgartown at 2 in the morning.

Curious onlookers inspect Sen. Ted Kennedy’s car in July 1969. Mary Jo Kopechne was killed after Kennedy drove the car off Dyke Bridge on Chappaquiddick Island, Mass. on July 18, 1969.

Kennedy’s television speech saved his senatorial seat. Speaking to the nation for just 13 minutes, he described a cookout “for a devoted group of Kennedy campaign secretaries” and denied the rumours of drunk driving or “immoral conduct.”

He acknowledged his failure to report the accident promptly as “indefensible” and described the “irrational” thoughts that consumed him that night, such as wondering “whether some awful curse did actually hang over all the Kennedys.”

With the 1970 Senate election looming, he asked the voters what to do next.

In telegrams, letters and telephone calls Massachusetts voters overwhelmingly supported Kennedy’s run for Senate, 100-1.

It saved his bacon.

Kennedy easily won by a landslide with 62 percent of the vote, but the scandal-dogged him, derailing his presidential bid against Jimmy Carter in 1980, even preventing him from becoming the Democrats’ Senate Whip in 1971.

But before July 1969, the youngest son in the Kennedy dynasty was on a clear path to the presidency. The eloquent eulogy for his slain brother Robert, only the year before, had transfixed the nation and, according to polls, 79 percent of all Americans thought he would be the Democratic nominee in 1972.

“There was all this rising, boiling feeling about this meteor getting ready to take off,” former Kennedy aide Robert Bates told the Boston Globe recently. “Everybody wanted to be connected with Ted.”

Crowds gather to watch the car which Sen. Edward Kennedy drove off Dike Bridge with Mary Jo Kopechne on Chappaquiddick Island in July 1969. Questions as to why Kennedy didn’t seek immediate help for his passenger who was trapped underwater and died haunted Kennedy for years after the accident. (The Boston Globe)

Teddy’s actions after this incident have been heavily scrutinised over the years and they’re the direct reason why his career was said to have been ruined. In his own words though, he described the events as follows:
On July 18, 1969, at approximately 11.15 on Chappaquiddick Island, Martha’s Vineyard, I was driving my car on Main Street on my way to get the ferry back to Edgartown.
I was unfamiliar with the road and turned onto Dyke Road instead of bearing left on Main Street. After proceeding for approximately a half mile on Dyke Road I descended a hill and came upon a narrow bridge. The car went off the side of the bridge.
There was one passenger with me, Miss Kopechne, a former secretary of my brother Robert Kennedy. The car turned over and sank into the water and landed with the roof resting on the bottom. I attempted to open the door and window of the car but have no recollection of how I got out of the car. I came to the surface and then repeatedly dove down to the car in an attempt to see if the passenger was still in the car. I was unsuccessful in the attempt. I was exhausted and in a state of shock. I recall walking back to where my friends were eating. There was a car parked in front of the cottage and I climbed into the back seat. I then asked for someone to bring me back to Edgartown.

Anyway, according to the official story of events, Kennedy, after allegedly jumping back into the water on more than one occasion in order to save Mary Jo, despite having no memory of the events which had taken place, then proceeded to return to the party where he and Mary Jo previously were – at no time reporting the incident to authorities despite passing several houses, and even an open fire station among other suitable people – even the nearby house, one that can be seen from the crash site I believe.

Kennedy also claimed:
“Instead of looking directly for a telephone number after lying exhausted in the grass for an undetermined time, walked back to the cottage where the party was being held and requested the help of two friends, my cousin Joseph Gargan and Paul Markham, and directed them to return immediately to the scene with me – this was some time after midnight – in order to undertake a new effort to dive.”

Bizarrely, Kennedy once again refused to call authorities after failing in this new attempt. After failing for a second time though, he decided to just give up, presumably hope for the best, and to catch the ferry and head back to his hotel. Unfortunately, it was closed he claimed and it was then that he decided, in an odd series of events, to swim over the channel of water, almost drowning in the process. He, while at the hotel where he was staying yet again refused to call authorities to report what had happened according to official phone records found in the investigation into the case.

The following morning at around 20 minutes past eight, two nearby fishermen reported seeing “something” resembling an overturned car in the water near the bridge where Kennedy and Mary Jo crashed and overturned the previous night, and it was here that authorities were first called to investigate what had really happened.

Authorities, such as Police Chief James Arena arrived shortly afterwards and after an unsuccessful attempt to gain access to the car, which at this time was still in the water, a professional diver was called into investigate, the diver being John Farrar, arriving at approximately 8:45 that same morning. It was here that Mary Jo’s body was discovered in the water.

July 21, 1969: This is the cottage on Chappaquiddick Island, off the east end of Martha’s Vineyard Island where Sen. Edward Kennedy attended a party. The senator later left the party to drive a young woman to the ferry but apparently took a wrong road and the car plunged off a small bridge killing the woman, a former secretary to late Sen. Robert Kennedy. This cottage was rented from Sidney Lawrence, a New York attorney, by Kennedy friends participating in yacht races at nearby Edgartown.

Leland the Vineyard Haven pharmacist, was the Dukes County grand jury foreman who requested in March 1970 that the jury be convened to investigate Kopechne’s death. “We weren’t out to get Kennedy,” he said. “We just wanted to get to the truth.” But, he said, the grand jurors were never allowed to investigate. The grand jury sought to subpoena all the key witnesses, including Gargan, Markham and the women who had attended the party. The then-District Attorney Dinis “told us that we couldn’t subpoena them because they’d already testified at the inquest,” Leland recalls. (In fact, a grand jury is legally empowered to subpoena anyone it wants.)

Denied access to witnesses, the grand jury asked to at least see the transcript of their testimony at the inquest. But this request was denied by the judge supervising the grand jury session. “I was dejected,” Leland recalled. “We had tried to do our job, to get at the truth, but we couldn’t.” With virtually no evidence to go on, the jury took no action. “I felt I had been set up by the D.A. so that they could claim there was a grand jury investigation,” says Leland. “We had been used.”

“There was definitely a cover-up. We were all madder than hell that we couldn’t subpoena anyone we wanted—our hands were tied,” says another grand juror, Lloyd Mayhew, a retired New England Telephone Company employee. “So many things bothered me; they still do. One of them is that within 100 yards of the Dike Bridge is a summer cottage. The lights were on, and there was a phone. Kennedy walked right by it. I don’t know what kind of a man would do that.”

Reporters question American Senator Edward Kennedy (centre, with neck brace) and his wife Joan Kennedy (left, in a white coat and dark glasses) as they walk across the tarmac after returning from the funeral of Mary Jo Kopechne, Hyannis Port, Massachusetts, July 22, 1969. Kopechne died when a car driven by Kennedy went over the side of a bridge on Chappaquiddick Island four days earlier.

Kennedy’s failure to seek help immediately may have cost Kopechne her life. It took only 20 minutes for John Farrar, head of search and rescue for the Edgartown volunteer fire department, to reach the scene once he was notified—at 8:25 the next morning. Donning scuba gear, Farrar found the body of Kopechne in the overturned car, her hands clasping the backseat, her face turned upward to the footwell above her.

“It looked as if she were holding herself up to get a last breath of air,” says Farrar, the manager of a burglar-alarm store. “It was a consciously assumed position.” Farrar believes the car had contained an air pocket, and that Kopechne “lived for at least two hours down there.” But Farrar said he was never given a chance at the inquest to explain what he saw. “I was told outright by the D.A.’s office that I would not be allowed to testify on how long Kopechne was alive in the car. They were not interested in the least in anything that would hurt Ted Kennedy.”

Sen. Edward Kennedy as he emerged from court in Edgartown, Mass., July 25, 1969, with his wife Joan after pleading guilty to leaving the scene of a fatal auto accident. He was given a two-month jail sentence, suspended on probation.

Joseph Kopechne, Mary Jo’s father, believes that from the moment of the accident, Kennedy himself was interested primarily in rescuing his career. “He was worried about himself, not about Mary Jo,” Kopechne, told Ladies’ Home Journal. (Indeed, Gargan told Leo Damore, author of Senatorial Privilege: The Chappaquiddick Cover-up, that Kennedy wanted to say Kopechne had driven off alone in the car, but Gargan convinced him the story wouldn’t hold up.) Added Mary Jo’s mother, Gwen: “I don’t believe anything I’ve heard so far. I want him to tell me what happened.”

The Kopechnes also told the Journal they are angry that none of the other girls, all experienced Kennedy campaign workers, ever spoke out on their daughter’s death.

“They should try to explain, somebody’s hiding something,” Gwen Kopechne told the Journal. “I think all of them were shut up. I think there was a big cover-up and that everybody was paid off.”

The Kopechnes, who received a settlement of $90,904 from Kennedy and $50,000 from his insurance company, say they do not regret that they didn’t sue the senator.

“It was damn little, considering,” the Journal quotes Joseph Kopechne as saying of the settlement. “I’m not sorry we didn’t sue, though; it would have caused a lot more pressure.”

The Kopechnes denied their daughter was involved with the senator, describing her as a quiet girl who once considered becoming a nun, and claims her name was “dragged through the mud.”

In the unusually frank interview, the Kopechnes said they met with Kennedy twice after the incident, but they did not receive a satisfactory explanation.

“I don’t believe anything I’ve heard so far,” Mrs Kopechne said. “I want him to tell us what happened. Isn’t there something he could tell us that would lift this heavy, heavy burden from my heart?”

Mary-Jo’s parents demanded an autopsy to discover a certain medical fact. And it was as they expected.

She died a virgin.

An RFK aide described Mary Jo as “an unworldly girl.” Others who knew her said she was a young woman with a good character who had been committed to her work, full of high idealism, and excited that the Kennedys would regain the White House in the 1968 presidential election. Mary Jo called herself a “novena Catholic.” Her friends described her as a young woman who was seriously committed to her faith. She did not smoke and rarely drank. Everyone who knew her testified to the fact that she was a woman who was almost prudish in her dislike of obscene language and sexual impropriety.

Mary Jo Kopechne, shown in this undated photo, was killed after Sen. Edward M. Kennedy drove a car off a bridge on Massachusetts’ Chappaquiddick Island on July 18, 1969.

By 1963, Kopechne had relocated to Washington, D.C., to work as a secretary for Florida Senator George Smathers. She joined New York Senator Robert F. Kennedy’s secretarial staff following his election in November 1964. For that office, she worked as a secretary to the senator’s speechwriters and as a legal secretary to one of his legal advisers.  Kopechne was a loyal worker. Once, during March 1967, she stayed up all night at Kennedy’s Hickory Hill home to type a major speech against the Vietnam War, while the senator and his aides such as Ted Sorenson made last-minute changes to it. She was also an enthusiastic participant on the Kennedy office softball team, playing catcher.

During the 1968 U.S. presidential election, Kopechne helped with the wording of Kennedy’s March speech that announced his presidential candidacy. During his campaign, she worked as one of the Boiler Room Girls. This was an affectionate nickname given to six young women whose office area was in a hot, loud, windowless location in Kennedy’s Washington campaign headquarters. They were vital in tracking and compiling data and intelligence on how Democratic delegates from various states were intending to vote; Kopechne’s responsibilities included Pennsylvania. Kopechne and the other staffers were knowledgeable politically and were chosen for their ability to work skillfully for long, hectic hours on sensitive matters. They talked daily with field managers and also helped distribute policy statements to strategic newspapers. She has been described as hero-worshiping the senator.

Kopechne was devastated emotionally by the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy on June 5, 1968. After working briefly for the Kennedy proxy campaign of George McGovern, she stated she could not return to work on Capitol Hill, saying, “I just feel Bobby’s presence everywhere. I can’t go back because it will never be the same again.” But as her father later said, “Politics was her life,” and in December 1968 she used her experience to gain a job with Matt Reese Associates, a Washington, D.C., firm that helped establish campaign headquarters and field offices for politicians and was one of the first political consulting companies. By mid-1969 she had completed work for a mayoral campaign in Jersey City, New Jersey. She was on her way to a successful professional career. Kopechne lived with three other women in the Washington neighbourhood of Georgetown. She was a fan of the Boston Red Sox and of fellow Polish-American Carl Yastrzemski. She was a devout Roman Catholic with a demure, serious, “convent school” demeanour, rarely drank much, and had no reputation for sexual activities with men.

Kopechne was swiftly buried only a day after she died. A district attorney petitioned to exhume her to determine the cause of death, but his request was denied by a judge — making it impossible to determine whether Kopechne, whose mouth and nose was filled with blood, had drowned quickly or suffocated to death. Both fates are horrible, but Kopechne would have succumbed to suffocation less quickly than drowning, allowing more time for rescuers to save her.

John Farrar, head of the volunteer search and rescue team in Edgartown, reached the scene in 20 minutes the next morning and found Kopechne’s corpse twisted in such a way as to indicate she was searching for pockets of air. Farrar believes she lived for two hours after the crash — not that his testimony would ever go on record.

“I was told outright by the D.A.’s office that I would not be allowed to testify on how long Kopechne was alive in the car,” he told People magazine in July 1989. “They were not interested in the least in anything that would hurt Ted Kennedy.”

Kennedy pled guilty to leaving the scene of an accident causing injury. In sentencing, Judge James Boyle suspended the minimum requirement of two month’s imprisonment, citing Kennedy’s “unblemished record,” effectively wiping out the significance of his victim’s death.

Kennedy suffered no legal consequences beyond a suspended license.

The 6 women team involved in RFK’s campaign the “Boiler Room Girls”  (BRG’s) largely due to the hot, loud and windowless conditions in which they were working under while at Kennedy’s campaign headquarters in Washington. After his death, though the women involved seemingly went there own ways in politics, apart from the few occasions where the team met up together to reminisce the campaign trail, discuss Bobby, and to applaud the time and sheer amount of effort they had all dedicated to the campaign for him.

Over the years some have claimed that Teddy and Mary Jo were more than acquaintances at this time, particularly as at the time they drove away from the party together almost secretly.

The BRG’s were the female members of Senator Robert F. Kennedy’s 1968 presidential campaign staff. The boiler room contained desks divided by regions of the country, i.e. Northeast (Massachusetts, Connecticut, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine), etc. Each “girl” was assigned a regional desk and was responsible for daily communication in and out of the Washington campaign headquarters to each state director in their region. Issues and problems were discussed daily and at the end of the day a decision book was compiled and sent to the candidate (RFK) and the campaign manager (Stephen Smith). Decisions were reached on each daily issue and the following morning those decisions came out from the regional desk officer (“boiler room girl”) to the state director. So if there was an issue with labour, or abortion rights or there weren’t enough bumper stickers, etc. those issues were resolved. Also as each state primary was held, the desk officers kept track of the delegate count – both for RFK, McCarthy and Humphrey – leading up to the convention. Just before the Democratic National Convention the boiler room was to be moved to a temporary office right off the convention floor where the same delegate officers conversed with the same state leaders. Thus at any given moment, the boiler room became the heartbeat of the campaign.

Six of them, listed in descending order of age (in 1968), were the following:

  • Mary Jo Kopechne, 28, who died one year after RFK’s campaign, off Chappaquiddick Island
  • Mary Ellen Lyons, a graduate of Regis College in Weston, Massachusetts.
  • Nance Lyons, 26, a graduate of College of the Sacred Heart in Newton, Massachusetts,
  • Susan Tannenbaum, 24, now a retired lobbyist in Washington, D.C.
  • Rosemary “Cricket” Keough (now Rosemary Keough Redmond Kerrebrock), 23, a graduate of Manhattanville College and Boston University.

Though his accomplishments are now legion, the ghost of Chappaquiddick haunted Kennedy over a lifetime, raising questions about his honesty and courage. Some never forgave him. Down through history, we have had leaders who were flawed in their personal life and brilliant in public life.

How could he be one of most trusted members of Senate — and they trusted his word as good as gold — be an out-of-control frat boy most of his life was asked. Life is complicated and people aren’t as simple as we’d like them to be.

After that night, the word Chappaquiddick became synonymous with deception and abuse of power, and for decades until this day, each major anniversary was dredged up in newspapers around the country.

But oddly, the darkest moment in Kennedy’s career also sealed his fate as a workhorse senator and ultimately transformed him into one of the most highly regarded politicians in Congress.

“For all of us, either it would make you or break you,” said presidential historian Richard Norton Smith.

“Few of us experience something as soul-testing as that, but when we can weigh it against the succeeding 40 years and draw some linkage, who would believe this story would end this way, so essentially triumphant?”

According to Ted Kennedy’s site, “Ted Kennedy was the third longest-serving member of the United States Senate in American history.” He served in the Senate for 47 years and cast 15,235 votes while holding public office. He was essential in passing bills that helped provide for or bettered care for military troops, disabled Americans, education, health care, and civil rights. Edward M. ‘Ted’ Kennedy passed away at the age of 77 in 2009. He was a very complex figure. His professional, public life was very different from his private life.

His career never recovered from Chappaquiddick. Although he remained a member of the US Senate until his death, becoming a conscientious and hugely effective legislator, Edward Kennedy had to abandon any serious aspirations to follow his brothers into high office, a move only underlined by an ill-judged campaign in 1980 for the party’s nomination in which he ran against President Jimmy Carter.

The media played the role of catch-up in this scandal. Due to the accident occurring late at night and there being no witnesses, the media was unable to quickly report on the story. Ted Kennedy also stayed very quiet in the public life, other than to go to Mary Jo Kopechne’s funeral. Ted’s first public speech involving the incident was criticised greatly, though.

The media throughout the entire scandal continuously criticised Kennedy for the death of Kopechne. After pleading to the public, Kennedy was able to basically continue his public office career– minus his previously intended presidential office dreams. Also, the media actually displayed Kennedy in a positive light after the scandal (when he was older). There will always be a certain crack in his legacy because of the scandal. There will always be a small defect or mark on his remembrance…

Unfortunately, after the scandal, there will always be an eerie feeling associated with Ted Kennedy and Chappaquiddick. There is a dirty, sad feeling related to both these names.

Ted Kennedy and Chappaquiddick, the true story – Crikey

Chappaquiddick incident remains a blemish on Ted Kennedy’s legacy …

What Really Happened At Chappaquiddick? Ted Kennedy’s – Bustle

Ted Kennedy: The Senator of Sleaze who was a drunk sexual bully …

Chappaquiddick incident – Wikipedia

Debunking the myths about Chappaquiddick…and Mary Jo | News of …

Ted Kennedy Car Accident in Chappaquiddick – Newsweek

The Infamous Chappaquiddick Incident, page 1 – Above Top Secret

Rewriting History on Kennedy’s Chappaquiddick Accident | Politics …

American Rhetoric: Ted Kennedy — Chappaquiddick Speech

Chappaquiddick: The Pathetic Legacy of Senator Edward Kennedy by …

Photos: Chappaquiddick and Ted Kennedy – LA Times

Chappaquiddick Incident | Iconic Photos

Boiler Room Girls

Kennedy’s Story Has Never Satisfied Kopechnes – tribunedigital-mcall


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